Statewide Alabama Census records that exist are 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.
There are Industry and Agriculture Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. The Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. The Union Veterans Schedules exist for 1890.
Unfortunately, not many of Alabama’s census records from its early days have survived to the present day, unlike many other states that are its approximate age.
There were sporadic state censuses taken in Alabama. A lot of those records are still extant, but are not necessarily complete. For example, the 1850 census records still exist, as do the 1855 records and their index.
The 1866 census records are also still extant today. The 1850 and 1855 records don’t include much information. They simply list the demographic enumeration and the name of the head of household.
However, the 1866 records are more detailed, also including household members who went missing or were killed during Civil War conflicts. The Alabama Department of Archives and History holds those original records. Copies of the records on microfilm are available for purchase.
Prior to the Native American land being taken over by white settlers, some censuses were taken of Native American tribes.
Alabama veterans of the Confederacy were enumerated in a 1907 census. This census was taken based on those who received Confederate pensions at that time. Records were taken by the county tax assessors. Those census records include: Name, Place of Residence, Birthplace, Birthdate, Enlistment, Discharge, or Parole, Rank, Military Unit
The Alabama Department of Archives and History is home to those original records. Confederate pensioners were also listed in Alabama Genealogical Society, Inc. Magazine between 1958 and 1982. Those publications listed information regarding Confederate veterans in multiple Alabama counties.
In 1921, another Confederate pensioners census was taken. It was done via the postal service. Each of the pensioners was requested to fill out and return the included form. The Alabama Department of Archives and History has those original forms on file, but microfilmed copies are also available from other sources. The 1927 widows of pensioners census records are also widely available.
The 1890 census records for Alabama were all but destroyed. Only parts of Perry County’s records exist. Those records are Severe (Beat No. 8) and Perryville (Beat No. 11).
Alabama State and Territorial Census
In 1820, a state census was taken for Alabama. However, only records from that census for 8 counties have survived. The counties with surviving records from that census are: Baldwin, Conecuh, Dallas, Franklin, Limestone, St. Clair, Shelby, Wilcox. All of those records are published. They also each have indexes.
Searchable Alabama Census Databases and other Helpful Links
- Alabama Census Extraction Forms
- 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940 (part 1), 1940 (part 2)
- United States Federal Census for Alabama
- 1820,1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- Alabama Census Returns, 1820
- Alabama Census, 1810-90
- Alabama State Census, 1820-1866 – Free Index
- 1860 Federal Slave Schedule Guide
- Alabama, Census of Confederate Soldiers, 1907, 1921
- Census 2000 Data for the State of Alabama (census.gov)
- Alabama Census Books
- 1832 Census of Creek Indians Taken By Parsons and Abbott (With an Added Full Names Index of “White” Names) by Felldin, Jeanne Roby, and Charlotte Magee Tucker.
- Index to the Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi River. Tomball, Tex.: Genealogical Publications, 1978 (Henderson Roll, 1835, NARA T496, 1 reel.
- Cherokee By Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U.S. Court of Claims, 1906–1910 by Jordan, Jerry Wright.
- Siler, David W. The Eastern Cherokees: A Census of the Cherokee Nation in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia in 1851. Cottonport, La.: Polyanthos, 1972.
- U.S. Congress. American State Papers. Documents of the Congress of the United States in Relation to Public Land…. Vol. 7. Washington, D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1860 (Armstrong Roll of Choctaws, 1831).