1910 Federal Population Census Schedule

Home/Research Guide – U.S. Census Records/1910 Federal Population Census Schedule

The 1910 census was taken over the course of 30 days, beginning on April 15, 1910. Areas with populations above 5,000 people were expected to complete the census in half that time.

The 1910 census did not provide the same level of detail as did the 1900 census. However, it still provides a helpful list of information for genealogical researchers.

Information collected includes household relationship, sex, age, race, and marital status. It also includes birthplace information, immigration information and information on both occupations and real estate holdings.

1910 Census Facts

US 1910 Census of Etowah County, AL

Click to View Sample from US 1910 Census of Etowah County, AL

  • 1910 Census Number: 92,228,496
  • 1910 Census Day: April 15, 1910
  • 1910 Census duration: 1 month+
  • 46 States – New State in 1910 Census: Oklahoma
  • Territories – Alaska, Hawaii, Arizona, New Mexico and Puerto Rico
  • President during census: William H Taft
  • 1910 census included a question regarding if an individual was a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
  • The first flight to carry cargo leaves Huffman, Ohio and lands in Columbus, Ohio – November 7, 1910
  • Henry Ford patents the Automotive Transmission – Oct 10, 1911
  • HMS Titanic strikes an iceberg on April, 14 1912

Unique Features of the 1910 Census

Problems with the 1910 Census

Much of the 1910 census microfilm has been damaged or was not properly cared for. For example, hundreds of pages of the information for Mississippi were overexposed to the point of being completely unreadable.

Also, many individuals were not indexed in the Miracode/Soundex for 1910, which creates a disadvantage in researching family names.

Historical Considerations of the 1910 Census

Military Veterans

The census for 1910 identifies survivors of the Civil War.  It recognizes veterans of both the Union and Confederate militaries.

Native Americans

The 1910 Census collected information about the Native American population in a separate schedule.  This information can be found in the “Indian schedule”, which records the band or tribe of each Indian.

Education

By 1910, compulsory education laws were present in most states, elevating the importance of tracking education levels.  Information was collected about a person’s ability to read and write, along with the number of years of formal education received.

Questions Asked in the 1910 Census

Some of the questions answered by the 1910 census included:

Location:

  • Name of street, avenue road, etc.
  • House number or farm
  • Number of dwelling in order of visitation
  • Number of family in order of visitation

Name and Relation:

  • Name of each person whose place of abode was with the family
  • Relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family

Personal Description:

  • Sex
  • Color or race
  • Age at last birthday
  • Marital status – whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
  • If married, number of years of present marriage
  • For mothers, number of total children born and number of children living

Nativity:

  • Place of birth
  • Father’s place of birth
  • Mother’s place of birth

Citizenship:

  • Year of immigration to United States
  • Whether naturalized or alien
  • Whether able to speak English; or if not, language spoken

Occupation:

  • Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done
  • Industry, business, or establishment in which at work
  • Whether employer, employee, or working on own account
  • If an employee, whether out of work on 15 April 1910 and number of weeks out of work during 1909

Education:

  • Whether able to read
  • Whether able to write
  • Whether attended school any time since 1 September 1909

Ownership of Home:

  • Owned or Rented
  • Owned free or mortgaged
  • Farm or house
  • Number of farm schedule (applies only to farm homes)

Military:

  • Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy

Disabilities:

  • Whether blind (both eyes)
  • Whether deaf and dumb

There were separate Indian population schedules for 1910 in which the tribe and/or band was also recorded.

1910 Census Resources

You may find the following resources helpful in your research of the 1910 census data.

The 1910 United States Federal Census database at Ancestry.com details those individuals enumerated in the 1910 United States Federal Census, the Thirteenth Census of the United States. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to actual images of the 1910 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, T624, 1,784 rolls.

Download Free a US 1910 Census Extract Form which allows you to read column headings and record information from the US Census.

States Covered in the 1910 Census

The 1910 census comprised of 46 States, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), and Washington D.C., as well as Military and Naval Forces, and Puerto Rico.

1910 Census Map

1910 Census Map