The 1910 census was taken over the course of 30 days, beginning on April 15, 1910. Areas with populations above 5,000 people were expected to complete the census in half that time.
The 1910 census did not provide the same level of detail as did the 1900 census. However, it still provides a helpful list of information for genealogical researchers.
Information collected includes household relationship, sex, age, race, and marital status. It also includes birthplace information, immigration information and information on both occupations and real estate holdings.
1910 Census Facts
Click to View Sample from US 1910 Census of Etowah County, AL
1910 Census Number: 92,228,496
1910 Census Day: April 15, 1910
1910 Census duration: 1 month+
46 States – New State in 1910 Census: Oklahoma
Territories – Alaska, Hawaii, Arizona, New Mexico and Puerto Rico
President during census: William H Taft
1910 census included a question regarding if an individual was a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
The first flight to carry cargo leaves Huffman, Ohio and lands in Columbus, Ohio – November 7, 1910
Henry Ford patents the Automotive Transmission – Oct 10, 1911
HMS Titanic strikes an iceberg on April, 14 1912
Unique Features of the 1910 Census
Problems with the 1910 Census
Much of the 1910 census microfilm has been damaged or was not properly cared for. For example, hundreds of pages of the information for Mississippi were overexposed to the point of being completely unreadable.
Also, many individuals were not indexed in the Miracode/Soundex for 1910, which creates a disadvantage in researching family names.
Historical Considerations of the 1910 Census
The census for 1910 identifies survivors of the Civil War. It recognizes veterans of both the Union and Confederate militaries.
The 1910 Census collected information about the Native American population in a separate schedule. This information can be found in the “Indian schedule”, which records the band or tribe of each Indian.
By 1910, compulsory education laws were present in most states, elevating the importance of tracking education levels. Information was collected about a person’s ability to read and write, along with the number of years of formal education received.
Questions Asked in the 1910 Census
Some of the questions answered by the 1910 census included:
Name of street, avenue road, etc.
House number or farm
Number of dwelling in order of visitation
Number of family in order of visitation
Name and Relation:
Name of each person whose place of abode was with the family
Relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family
Color or race
Age at last birthday
Marital status – whether single, married, widowed, or divorced
If married, number of years of present marriage
For mothers, number of total children born and number of children living
Place of birth
Father’s place of birth
Mother’s place of birth
Year of immigration to United States
Whether naturalized or alien
Whether able to speak English; or if not, language spoken
Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done
Industry, business, or establishment in which at work
Whether employer, employee, or working on own account
If an employee, whether out of work on 15 April 1910 and number of weeks out of work during 1909
Whether able to read
Whether able to write
Whether attended school any time since 1 September 1909
Ownership of Home:
Owned or Rented
Owned free or mortgaged
Farm or house
Number of farm schedule (applies only to farm homes)
Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
Whether blind (both eyes)
Whether deaf and dumb
There were separate Indian population schedules for 1910 in which the tribe and/or band was also recorded.
1910 Census Resources
You may find the following resources helpful in your research of the 1910 census data.
The 1910 United States Federal Census database at Ancestry.com details those individuals enumerated in the 1910 United States Federal Census, the Thirteenth Census of the United States. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to actual images of the 1910 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, T624, 1,784 rolls.