1910 Census Population: 92,228,496 1910 Census Duration: 1 month 1910 Census Date: April 15, 1910 1910 Census States: 46 States 1910 Census Territories: 9 Territories
Legislation for the 1910 census was introduced initially in December 1907, but was not enacted into law until July 1909.
One new feature of the 1910 act was that it changed Census Day from June 1st, which it had been since 1830, to April 15. The director of the Census Bureau suggested this adjustment, because he felt that much of the urban population would be absent from their homes on summer vacations in June.
The 1910 census was taken over the course of 30 days, beginning on April 15, 1910.
For the first time, enumerators in the large cities distributed questionnaires in advance, a day or two prior to April 15, so that people could become familiar with the questions and have time to prepare their answers. In practice, only a small portion of the population filled out their questionnaires before the enumerator visit, however.
Click to View Sample from US 1910 Census of Etowah County, AL
The law gave census takers two weeks to complete their work in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more while enumerators in smaller and rural areas were allotted 30 days to complete their task.
The 1910 census did not provide the same level of detail as did the 1910 census. However, it still provides a helpful list of information for genealogical researchers.
Information collected includes household relationship, sex, age, race, and marital status. It also includes birthplace information, immigration information and information on both occupations and real estate holdings.
The 1910 census comprised of 46 States, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), and Washington D.C., as well as Military and Naval Forces, and Puerto Rico.
1910 Census Schedules
Seven schedules were prepared for the 1910 census. They included:
Much of the 1910 census microfilm has been damaged or was not properly cared for. For example, hundreds of pages of the information for Mississippi were overexposed to the point of being completely unreadable.
Also, many individuals were not indexed in the Miracode/Soundex for 1910, which creates a disadvantage in researching family names.
Historical Considerations of the 1910 Census
The census for 1910 identifies survivors of the Civil War. It recognizes veterans of both the Union and Confederate militaries.
The 1910 Census collected information about the Native American population in a separate schedule. This information can be found in the “Indian schedule”, which records the band or tribe of each Indian.
By 1910, compulsory education laws were present in most states, elevating the importance of tracking education levels. Information was collected about a person’s ability to read and write, along with the number of years of formal education received.
Interesting facts about the 1910 census
William H. Taft is President during the 1910 census.
The U.S. population increased by 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census.
1910 census included a question regarding if an individual was a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.
When the United States entered World War I in 1917, the Census Bureau took on an important new role. During the nation’s mobilization for the war, the Census Bureau was able to use its compiled population and economic data to report on populations of draft-age men, along with the different states’ industrial capacities.
Historical events surrounding the 1910 US Census
April 14, 1912 – The Titanic strikes an iceberg and sinks on its maiden voyage across the Atlantic Ocean.
March 12, 1912 – The Girl Scouts, formerly known as The American Girl Guides, is formed.
Oct 10, 1911 – Henry Ford patents the Automotive Transmission.
1917 – United States entered World War I.
States Covered in the 1910 Census
1910 Census Map
The 1910 Census recorded information from 46 states and 9 territories. The new state of Oklahoma was included, as well as the Arizona, Alaska (unorganized), American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, New Mexico, Panama Canal Zone, Philippines and Puerto Rico Territories.