The 1910 census was taken over the course of 30 days, beginning on April 15, 1910. Areas with populations above 5,000 people were expected to complete the census in half that time.
The 1910 census did not provide the same level of detail as did the 1900 census. However, it still provides a helpful list of information for genealogical researchers. Information collected includes household relationship, sex, age, race, and marital status. It also includes birthplace information, immigration information and information on both occupations and real estate holdings.
Unique Features of the 1910 Census
Problems with the 1910 Census – Much of the 1910 census microfilm has been damaged or was not properly cared for. For example, hundreds of pages of the information for Mississippi were overexposed to the point of being completely unreadable. Also, many individuals were not indexed in the Miracode/Soundex for 1910, which creates a disadvantage in researching family names.
Historical Considerations of the 1910 Census
Click to View Sample from US 1910 Census of Etowah County, AL
Military Veterans – The census for 1910 identifies survivors of the Civil War. It recognizes veterans of both the Union and Confederate militaries.
Native Americans – The 1910 Census collected information about the Native American population in a separate schedule. This information can be found in the “Indian schedule”, which records the band or tribe of each Indian.
Education – By 1910, compulsory education laws were present in most states, elevating the importance of tracking education levels. Information was collected about a person’s ability to read and write, along with the number of years of formal education received.
States Covered in the 1910 Census
Military forces were covered in the 1910 census, as were the following states: