The State of Georgia was much-disputed since the 1500s, with France, England, and Spain all taking possession of it at various times. Those times were: 1513, Discovery, 1565 to 1763, First Spanish Colonial Period, 1763 to 1783, British Colonial Period, 1784 to 1821, Second Spanish Period, 1821 to 1845, U.S. Territorial Period, 1845, Became the 27th State.
Georgia was founded in 1732, as the last of the Thirteen Colonies and was named for King George II of Great Britain. Georgia originally consisted of 12 parishes at the time of the American Revolution. These parishes were St. George, St. Thomas, St. Mary, St. Philip, Christ Church, St. Matthew, St. Philip, St. David, St. Patrick, St. John, St. Andrew, St. James and St. Paul. Counties were not formed until 1777, covering at that time only a portion of Georgia’s present jurisdiction. Eventually as Native American land was acquired, new counties were created.
Georgia was admitted to the Union on January 2, 1788 as the 4th state. It seceded from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of the original seven Confederate states. It was the last state to be readmitted to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia’s nickname is the Peach State and the Empire State of the South. The State capital is in Atlanta. It has 159 Counties. The capital is Atlanta and the official state website is http://www.georgia.gov/.
Georgia is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Florida, on the northeast by South Carolina, on the west by Alabama, and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina.
When people envision the first organized states within the United States, many often forget that Georgia was among them. This is a state with a long and fascinating history, and there have been many kinds of families, groups, and individuals associated with it. This is probably the reason that the state has so many resources available for Georgia genealogy researchers.
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