The 1900 census contains information on residents of the US that was recorded in the month of June, 1900.
The census began on June 1, lasted for one month. It contains what is considered to be the most accurate Soundex index created for any US census.
Soundex helps to group names by their pronunciation, even when they have a different spelling. This is useful for researching family names that have changed in spelling over time.
Therefore, it is an excellent place to begin genealogy when you have starting information such as a family name and general location.
Unique Features of the 1900 Census
Click to View Sample from US 1900 Census of Morehouse parish, LA
Detailed Birth Information
The 1900 census is lists birth month and year of each person. Census data from previous years, as well as the next two consecutive census dates, only listed the age of each person.
Detailed Marriage Information
The 1900 census also lists the number of years that a particular couple was married as of the census date.
This is a unique detail that was not always collected in previous or following censuses.
Detailed Property Information
The 1900 census was also the first to list the status of a property as owned, rented or mortgaged. This level of detail provides a rich resource for those who are reaching family history.
Historical Considerations of the 1900 Census
Native American Residents
At the turn of the century, the relevance given to the Native American population began to change.
The 1900 census lists information on Native American residents (referred to as Indians). However, some records were kept in the state census records, not in the federal records for each territory or state.
As Immigration increased, it became more important to have detailed records about a citizen’s country of origin and citizenship.
Place of birth, status of citizenship, number of years as a US resident and other similar questions are answered.
The census also lists whether or not each resident can speak, read and write English.
1900 Census Resources
You may find the following resources helpful in your research of the 1900 census data.
In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to actual images of the 1900 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, T623, 1854 rolls.