1900 Census Population: 76,212,168 1900 Census Duration: 1 month for rural districts or two weeks for populations over 8,000 1900 Census Date: June 1, 1900 1900 Census States: 45 States 1900 Census Territories: 6 Territories
The 1900 census contains information on residents of the US that was recorded in the month of June, 1900.
The census began on June 1, lasted for one month. It contains what is considered to be the most accurate Soundex index created for any US census.
Soundex helps to group names by their pronunciation, even when they have a different spelling. This is useful for researching family names that have changed in spelling over time.
Because of the loss of the 1890 census, genealogists consider the 1900 census as the most valuable of all the U.S. censuses, providing information for a 20 year gap of missing data.
Click to View Sample from US 1900 Census of Morehouse parish, LA
Therefore, it is an excellent place to begin genealogy when you have starting information such as a family name and general location.
The 1900 census consisted originally of seven schedules. Two population schedules were prepared, one for native Americans and one for all other residents.
The five remaining schedules, containing information on agriculture, manufacturers, mortality, and crime, are not available from the National Archives. These 5 schedules were abstracted for their data and then destroyed.
1900 Census Schedules
Seven schedules were prepared for the 1900 census. They included:
Some of the questions answered by the 1900 census included:
Name of each person in household
Relationship to Head of Household
Personal Description – Age – Sex – Color – Birthplace – Marital Status (Single, Married, Widowed, Divorced) – Married within previous year – Occupation – Birthplace of parents – Month and year of birth
Education – Attended school in previous year – Ability to read and write in English
Home Data – Value of Real Estate
Citizenship – Number of years in US – Naturalization – Year of Immigration to US – Ability to speak English
Location – Name of street and number of house – City/Village/Town/Borough – County
1900 Census Resources
You may find the following resources helpful in your research of the 1900 census data.
The 1900 census is lists birth month and year of each person. Census data from previous years, as well as the next two consecutive census dates, only listed the age of each person.
Detailed Marriage Information
The 1900 census also lists the number of years that a particular couple was married as of the census date.
This is a unique detail that was not always collected in previous or following censuses.
Detailed Property Information
The 1900 census was also the first to list the status of a property as owned, rented or mortgaged. This level of detail provides a rich resource for those who are reaching family history.
Historical Considerations of the 1900 Census
Native American Residents
At the turn of the century, the relevance given to the Native American population began to change.
The 1900 census lists information on Native American residents (referred to as Indians). However, some records were kept in the state census records, not in the federal records for each territory or state.
As Immigration increased, it became more important to have detailed records about a citizen’s country of origin and citizenship.
Place of birth, status of citizenship, number of years as a US resident and other similar questions are answered.
The census also lists whether or not each resident can speak, read and write English.
Interesting facts about the 1900 census
William McKinley is President during the 1900 census.
The U.S. population increased by 21.0 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.
1900 Census was the first to list month and year of birth, record year arrived in the U.S., number of years lived in the U.S. and Naturalization status.
This is the first census to provide details about the status of whether the property was owned, rented or mortgaged.
Oklahoma census schedules and Soundex indexes are split between Oklahoma Territory to the Northwest, and Indian Territory to the Southeast.
Historical events surrounding the 1900 US Census
September 6, 1901 – President William McKinley is assassinated and Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as president of the United States later that day.
December 17,1903 – Oliver and Wilbur Wright’s first flight at Kitty Hawk, NC.
February 12, 1909 – The NAACP was formed.
States Covered in the 1900 Census
1900 Census Map
The 1900 Census recorded information from 45 states and 6 territories. The new state of Utah was included, as well as the Arizona, New Mexico, Montana, Alaska, Oklahoma and Indian Territories.