Utah County records differ vastly from county to county in either quality as well as quantity. Some have already been carefully maintained and some have been significantly mistreated and overlooked. A number of Utah records have purely vanished. For genealogists carrying out research in Utah you will find no effective substitute to have an on-site search of county court house records. For Definitions of all court terms see the Genealogy Encyclopedia
Utah is divided into 29 counties. There were originally seven counties established under the provisional State of Deseret in 1849: Davis, Iron, Sanpete, Salt Lake, Tooele, Utah, and Weber. The Territory of Utah was created in 1851 with the first territorial legislature meeting from 1851–1852. The first legislature re-created the original counties from the State of Deseret under territorial law as well as establishing three additional counties: Juab, Millard, and Washington. All other counties were established between 1854 and 1894 by the Utah Territorial Legislature under territorial law except for the last two counties formed, Daggett and Duchesne. They were created by popular vote and by gubernatorial proclamation after Utah became a state.
Any land transaction records that are filed in a certain county are retained and maintained by that county’s recorder. The Utah State Archives holds many death and birth records that predate statewide vital record recording. When looking for records from a specific county, the Utah State Archives is a good place to start, in general.
The county recorders’ offices hold pre-1905 record books that have not been transferred to the Utah State Archives. Different county seats were the seat of record for each Utah district at various times. The Utah State Archives has some of those records on file, while others can be found at the current county seat. Some, however, have disappeared or been destroyed over the years. The county clerk’s office at the county seat is the place to search for existing county seat records. See also a list of links to county and county seat government run websites.