Connecticut Counties records vary widely from county to county in both quality and quantity. Some have been carefully preserved while others have been much abused and neglected. Some Connecticut records have simply disappeared. For genealogists doing research in Connecticut there is no effective replace for an on-site search of county courthouse records. For Definitions of all court terms see the Genealogy Encyclopedia.
Connecticut Counties – There are 8 counties that exist in Connecticut. Each one holds records that may include: Land, Estates, Taxes, Vital Records, Divorces, Naturalizations, Voter Registration, Court Records. Other records may also be included. However, other resources do need to be consulted.
Counties were mainly developed as a way to denote county court districts. In 1959, all counties were dissolved. Federal census returns prior to that year were organized according to county. When the 1790 federal census was taken, there were eight counties in Connecticut. Certain towns were located close to county borders and were recorded as part of different county censuses.
Connecticut is divided into 8 counties. Four of them were created in 1666, during the first consolidation of the colony of Connecticut from a number of smaller colonies. Two counties were created during colonial times, and two counties, Middlesex and Tolland, were created after American independence (both in 1785).
Six of the counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers originated. Although Connecticut is divided into counties, there is no county government in Connecticut and local government consists of cities and towns.
County government was abolished in Connecticut in 1960, although the names remain for geographical purposes. Counties are, however, still used by the state to organize its judicial and state marshal system. See also a list of links to county and county seat government run websites.