Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy Guide
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Monroe County, Alabama (Map It) was created on June 29, 1815 from all the Creek Indian lands ceded by the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814. It was reduced in size by the creation of the Alabama counties of Montgomery County, Conecuh County and Wilcox County. Monroe county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th U.S. President. Learn More About State of Alabama History
Monroe County Cities and Towns include Monroeville, Beatrice, Excel, Frisco City, Vredenburgh.
Monroe County, Alabama Courthouse Records
Monroe County, AL Courthouse
Old Monroe County Courthouse
The Monroe County Courthouse is located in Monroeville, Alabama. The first courthouse in Monroe County was built in 1824 at Fort Claiborne. It is the oldest public building in the county. It served as the Monroe County Court House from 1824-32, when the county seat was moved to Monroeville. The structure was moved to Perdue Hill in 1884. The county seat of Monroe County moved to Monroeville in 1832, and a year later the courthouse was destroyed by fire. A brick courthouse replaced it in, later to be converted to the first bank in the county, and in 1903 the Old Courthouse (as it is known today) was built. The Hollywood set of the 1962 film adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird was modeled after the courtroom in the Old Courthouse. The current Monroe County courthouse, known as the New Courthouse, was built in 1963. The Old Courthouse, which housed the county court for 60 years, was made part of the Monroe County Heritage Museum. The County Seat was established at Fort Clairborne; it was moved to Monroeville in 1832. Courthouse destroyed by fire in 1832, nearly all probate records destroyed. Learn More About State of Alabama Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Monroe county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Monroe County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1833 and has Divorce Records maintained among the equity records. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
- Monroe County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1833, Probate Records from 1833 and Land Records from 1833. The County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies. The office of the probate judge is the county office where the most significant genealogical records are created and maintained in Alabama. A variety of records are housed in this office.
- Monroe County Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
- Monroe County Health Department has Birth Records from 1881 , Death records from 1908.
Monroe County, Alabama Census Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1820-1866, 1867
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Monroe County, Alabama Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from January 1908 to present.
- Marriage Records: from August 1936 to present.
- Divorce Records: from January 1950 to present.
- Locations: Alabama Office of Vital Statistics, The RSA Tower, 201 Monroe Street, Montgomery, Alabama 36104.
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificate Applications.
Monroe County, Alabama Resources
- State of Alabama Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Alabama
- Monroe County Heritage Museums, PO Box 1637, Monroeville, AL 36461; 344-575-7433
- Monroeville Public Library, 251-743-3818
- Monroe County, Alabama Message Boards
- Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy Forum
- Monroe County, Alabama Mailing lists