Montgomery County, Maryland Genealogy Guide
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Montgomery County, Maryland (Map It) was created on September 6, 1776 from Frederick County. This county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general . Learn More About State of Maryland History.
Montgomery County is bordered by Carroll County (north), Frederick County (northwest), Howard County (north), Prince George's County (east), Washington, D.C. (south), Loudoun County, Virginia (west), Fairfax County, Virginia (southwest).
Montgomery County Cities and Towns include Gaithersburg (incorporated 1878), Rockville (incorporated 1860), Takoma Park (incorporated 1890), Barnesville (incorporated 1888), Brookeville (incorporated 1808), Chevy Chase (Town of) (incorporated 1918), Chevy Chase View (incorporated 1993), Chevy Chase Village (incorporated 1910; note that, despite its name, it is a town and not a village.), Garrett Park (incorporated 1898), Glen Echo (incorporated 1904), Kensington (incorporated 1894), Laytonsville (incorporated 1892), Poolesville (incorporated 1867), Somerset (incorporated 1906), Washington Grove (incorporated 1937), Chevy Chase, Village of, Section 3 (incorporated 1982), Chevy Chase, Village of, Section 5 (incorporated 1982), Martin's Additions (incorporated 1985), North Chevy Chase (incorporated 1996).
A Map of Montgomery County, Maryland contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries. Also view Maryland Town / Municipal Maps.
Montgomery County, Maryland Courthouse Records
Montgomery County, MD Courthouse
Old Montgomery County, MD Courthouse
The Montgomery County Courthouse is located in Rockville, Maryland. A southern section of the county was set off in 1788 to form the District of Columbia. Learn More About State of Maryland Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Montgomery county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Montgomery County Circuit Court Clerk has Marriage Records from 1777 and Land Records from 1777. The County Circuit Court Clerk is responsible for recording documents related to property. Documents recorded consist of, but are not limited to, deeds, mortgages, restrictions, notaries, public and elected county officers. Other documents, such as Military Service Discharges, foreign birth certificates, as well as obscure documents like cattle brands, are also recorded here.
- Montgomery County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1777. The County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk responsibilities include supervising Clerk's office personnel in the civil, criminal, courtroom clerks, business license, marriage license, land records, and juvenile units.
- Montgomery County Government Records are available in original, microfilm and digital formats from the Maryland State Archives.
Montgomery County, Maryland Census Records
- Learn More: State of Maryland Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Census Substitutes Index, 1772-1890
- State Population Schedules: 1776, 1776 and 1778 Indexes
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Montgomery County, Maryland Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Maryland Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from August 1898 to present
- Marriage Records: from January, 1990 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk of Circuit Court.
- Divorce Records: from January, 1992 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk of Circuit Court.
- Locations: Maryland Office of Vital Records, Maryland State Archives
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Verification, Death Certificate Applications.
- In Person: Division of Vital Records Division of Vital Records & Mental Hygiene, 6550 Reisterstown Rd., Reistertown Road Plaza, Baltimore, MD 21215, (410) 764-3038 or (800) 832-3277
Montgomery County, Maryland Resources
- State of Maryland Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Maryland
- Montgomery County Historical Society
- Montgomery County Archives
- Mid-atlantic Germanic Society
- Sandy Spring Slave Museum
- Sandy Spring Heritage Grp, 2707 Olney Sandy Spring Rd, Sandy Spring 20860
- Silver Spring Historical Society
- Montgomery County, Maryland Message Boards
- Montgomery County, Maryland Genealogy Forum