Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy Guide
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Frederick County, Maryland (Map It) was created on June 10, 1748 from Prince George's and unorganized land. This county was named in honor of Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, final proprietor of the Maryland colony. Learn More About State of Maryland History.
Frederick County is bordered by Adams County, Pennsylvania (north), Carroll County (east), Howard County (southeast), Franklin County, Pennsylvania (north), Montgomery County (south), Washington County (west), Loudoun County, Virginia (southwest).
Frederick County Cities and Towns include Brunswick (incorporated 1890), Frederick (incorporated 1816), Burkittsville (incorporated 1894), Emmitsburg (incorporated 1824), Middletown (incorporated 1833), Mount Airy (incorporated 1894), Myersville (incorporated 1904), New Market (incorporated 1878), Thurmont (incorporated 1831), Walkersville (incorporated 1892), Woodsboro (incorporated 1836), Rosemont (incorporated 1953) .
A Map of Frederick County, Maryland contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries. Also view Maryland Town / Municipal Maps.
Frederick County, Maryland Courthouse Records
Frederick County, MD Courthouse
Old Frederick County, MD Courthouse
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Frederick county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Frederick County Circuit Court Clerk has Marriage Records from 1748 and Land Records from 1748. The County Circuit Court Clerk is responsible for recording documents related to property. Documents recorded consist of, but are not limited to, deeds, mortgages, restrictions, notaries, public and elected county officers. Other documents, such as Military Service Discharges, foreign birth certificates, as well as obscure documents like cattle brands, are also recorded here.
- Frederick County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1751. The County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk responsibilities include supervising Clerk's office personnel in the civil, criminal, courtroom clerks, business license, marriage license, land records, and juvenile units.
- Frederick County Government Records are available in original, microfilm and digital formats from the Maryland State Archives.
Frederick County, Maryland Census Records
- Learn More: State of Maryland Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Census Substitutes Index, 1772-1890
- State Population Schedules: 1776, 1776 and 1778 Indexes
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Frederick County, Maryland Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Maryland Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from August 1898 to present
- Marriage Records: from January, 1990 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk of Circuit Court.
- Divorce Records: from January, 1992 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk of Circuit Court.
- Locations: Maryland Office of Vital Records, Maryland State Archives
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Verification, Death Certificate Applications.
- In Person: Division of Vital Records Division of Vital Records & Mental Hygiene, 6550 Reisterstown Rd., Reistertown Road Plaza, Baltimore, MD 21215, (410) 764-3038 or (800) 832-3277
Frederick County, Maryland Resources
- State of Maryland Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Maryland
- Brunswick Historical Society, 40 W Potomac St, Brunswick 21716-1111
- Historical Society of Frederick County, Inc.
- Frederick County Genealogical Society
- Emmitsburg Historical Society
- Middletown Valley Historical Society, 305 East Main Street Middletown, MD 21769; (301) 371-7582
- Frederick County, Maryland Message Boards
- Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy Forum