Mobile County, Alabama Genealogy Guide
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Mobile County, Alabama (Map It) was created on December 18, 1812 from Mobile District of West Florida after annexation into Mississippi Territory. The area was occupied by the French from 1702-63, by the British from 1763-80, and by the Spanish from 1780-1813. Mobile county was named for Fort Louis de la Mobile, a French fortification erected near Mount Vernon in 1702. The word Mobile is believed to come from a Choctaw Indian word for "paddlers.". Learn More About State of Alabama History
Mobile County Cities and Towns include Bayou La Batre, Chickasaw, Citronelle, Creola, Mobile, Prichard, Saraland, Satsuma, Semmes, Dauphin Island, Mount Vernon.
Mobile County, Alabama Courthouse Records
Mobile County, AL Courthouse
The Mobile County Courthouse is located in Mobile, Alabama. There was record loss due to a Courthouse fires that occurred in 1823, 1840, and 1872. Learn More About State of Alabama Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Mobile county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Mobile County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1814 and has Divorce Records maintained among the equity records. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
- Mobile County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1814, Probate Records from 1814 and Land Records from 1812. The County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies. The office of the probate judge is the county office where the most significant genealogical records are created and maintained in Alabama. A variety of records are housed in this office.
- Mobile County Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
- Mobile County Health Department has Birth Records from 1820 , Death records from N/A.
Mobile County, Alabama Census Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1820-1866, 1867
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Mobile County, Alabama Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from January 1908 to present.
- Marriage Records: from August 1936 to present.
- Divorce Records: from January 1950 to present.
- Locations: Alabama Office of Vital Statistics, The RSA Tower, 201 Monroe Street, Montgomery, Alabama 36104.
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificate Applications.
Mobile County, Alabama Resources
- State of Alabama Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Alabama
- Mobile County Probate Archives, P.O. Box 7, Mobile, AL 36601; 251-574-4941
- Mobile Municipal Archives, 457 Church St., P.O. Box 1827, Mobile, AL 36633; 251-208-7740
- Mobile Genealogical Society, Inc
- Historic Mobile Preservation Society
- Mobile Public Library
- Mobile County, Alabama Message Boards
- Mobile County, Alabama Genealogy Forum
- Mobile County, Alabama Mailing lists