Middlesex County, Massachusetts Genealogy Guide
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Middlesex County, Massachusetts (Map It) was created on May 10, 1643 as one of four original counties created in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The county was named for the English county of Middlesex. Learn More About State of Massachusetts History
Middlesex County Cities and Towns include Acton, Arlington, Ashby, Ashland, Auburndale, Ayer, Bedford, Belmont, Billerica, Boxborough, Burlington, Cambridge, Carlisle, Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, East Pepperell, Everett, Framingham, Groton, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hudson, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lowell, Malden, Marlborough, Maynard, Medford, Melrose, Natick, Newton, Newton Centre, Newton Highland, Newtonville, North Billerica, North Chelmsford, North Reading, Pepperell, Reading, Sherborn, Shirley, Somerville, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Tewksbury, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Waban, Wakefield, Waltham, Watertown, Wayland, West Newton, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, Winchester, Woburn.
Middlesex County, Massachusetts Courthouse Records
Middlesex County, MA Courthouse
The Middlesex County Courthouse is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts & Lowell, Massachusetts. The county government was abolished on July 1, 1997. Until 1649, records were kept in Boston. The county was divided into two districts in 1855. The Cambridge office is the "parent" county seat, encompassing all the Middlesex towns between 1643-1855. After that it was still the probate office for the county, but the registry of deeds for only the Southern District. Learn More About State of Massachusetts Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research. For Town Records contact the City/Town Hall Clerk.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Middlesex county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Middlesex County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1649. The County Register of Deeds is the place where all transactions of a Real Property nature are recorded so that the public is made aware of their existence. Deeds, mortgages, tax liens, water liens, declaration of homestead and many other kinds of documents regarding the title and ownership of real estate are noted permanently in official records.
- Northern District includes the towns of Billerica, Carlisle, Chelmsford, Dracut, Dunstable, Lowell, Tewksbury, Tyngsborough, Westford and Wilmington.
- Southern District includes the towns of Acton, Arlington, Ashby, Ashland, Ayer, Bedford, Belmont, Boxborough, Burlington, Cambridge, Concord, Everett, Framingham, Groton, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hudson, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Malden, Marlboro, Maynard, Medford, Melrose, Natick, Newton, North Reading, Pepperell, Reading, Sherborn, Shirley, Somerville, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Townsend, Wakefield, Waltham, Watertown, Wayland, Weston, Winchester and Woburn.
- Middlesex County Clerk of Probate Court has Probate Records from 1654. The County Clerk of Probate Court has many responsibilities which include the administration of estates, probate of wills, and the appointment of guardians, have been under the jurisdiction of the courts since the 1630s. County courts and later, county judges of probate, were responsible for these functions until 1783, when the probate courts were established. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the probate and family courts were given jurisdiction over adoptions, divorces, name changes, and domestic relations.
- Middlesex County Clerk of Courts has Court Records from 1643. The County Clerk of Courts has jurisdiction over all civil, criminal, and equity cases.
- Middlesex County Town Clerks has copies of vital records (birth, marriage, divorce and death records). Clerks respond to inquiries regarding vital records, since most have indexes available. They also have tax lists that may still be available at the town office. Earlier taxes for the towns exist as well.
Middlesex County, Massachusetts Census Records
- Learn More: State of Massachusetts Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- State Population Schedules: 1855, 1865
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Middlesex County, Massachusetts Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Massachusetts Vital Records
- Birth, Marriage and Death Records: from late 1916 to present
- Divorce Records: Indexes from 1952 to present
- Locations: Massachusetts Office of Vital Statistics, Massachusetts State Archives (1841-1910)
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate Death Certificate Applications.
Middlesex County, Massachusetts Resources
- Arlington Historical Society
- Billerica Historical Society
- Boxborough Historical Society
- Cambridge Historical Commission
- Cambridge Historical Society
- Chelmsford Historical Society
- Framingham Historical Society
- Lexington Historical Society
- Lincoln Historical Society
- Littleton Historical Society
- Louisa May Alcott Historical Assn
- Lowell Historical Society
- Marlborough Historical Society
- Newton Historical Society
- Shirley Historical Society
- Somerville Historical Society
- Wakefield Historical Society
- Waltham Historical Society
- Winchester Historical Society
- Middlesex County, Massachusetts Message Boards
- Middlesex County, Massachusetts Genealogy Forum