Dutchess County, New York Genealogy Guide
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Dutchess County, New York (Map It) created on November 1, 1683 as one of 12 original counties created in the New York colony. The county was named in honor of Lady Anne Hyde (1637–1671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England.
Dutchess County is bordered by Columbia County (north), Berkshire County, Massachusetts (northeast), Litchfield County, Connecticut (east), Fairfield County, Connecticut (southeast), Putnam County (south), Orange County (southwest), Ulster County (west) .
Dutchess County Cities and Towns include Beacon, Poughkeepsie, Amenia, Beekman, Clinton, Dover, East Fishkill, Fishkill, Hyde Park, LaGrange, Milan, North East, Pawling, Pine Plains, Pleasant Valley, Poughkeepsie, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Stanford, Union Vale, Wappinger, Washington. Villages include Fishkill, Millbrook, Millerton, Pawling, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Tivoli, Wappingers Falls. Communities include Amenia, Annadale-on-Hudson, Arlington, Brinckerhoff, Crown Heights, Dover Plains, Fairview, Haviland, Hillside Lake, Hopewell Junction, Myers Corner, New Hamburg, Pine Plains, Red Oaks Mill, Rhinecliff, Salt Point, Shekomeko, Spackenkill, Staatsburg, Wassaic.
Dutchess County, New York Courthouse Records
Dutchess County, NY Courthouse
The Dutchess County Courthouse is located in Poughkeepsie, New York. Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources. Learn More About State of New York Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Dutchess county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Almost uninhabited until 1701, Dutchess was administered by Ulster County from that time until at least 1713. Some older records, including marriages, 1908 - 35; state and federal censuses; tax records, 1854 - 1954; and the “Ancient Documents” series are at the County Records Center and Archives, 27 High St., Poughkeepsie 12601.
- Dutchess County Clerk has Land Records from 1718, Court Records from 1718 and Naturalization Records. State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region. The County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Dutchess County Surrogate Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1752. The County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Dutchess County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Dutchess County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
Dutchess County, New York Census Records
- Learn More: State of New York Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925
- Other State Census Schedules: Census of Inmates in Almshouses and Poorhouses, 1830-1920, Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880, Non-Population Schedules 1850-1880
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Dutchess County, New York Vital Records
- Learn More: State of New York Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from 1880 to present
- Marriage Records: from 1880 to present
- Divorce Records: from January 1963 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk's Office.
- Locations: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate, Genealogy Applications.
- In Person: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12237; (518) 474-3077, (518) 474-3038 Information
Dutchess County, New York Resources
- State of New York Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for New York
- Dutchess County Records Management , 170 Washington Street , Poughkeepsie, NY 12601; (845) 486-3677
- Dutchess Co Historical Society
- Dutchess County Genealogical Society
- Adriance Memorial Library
- Starr Library
- Municipal Historians of Dutchess County
- New York Genealogy Research Community
- Dutchess County, New York Message Boards
- Dutchess County, New York Genealogy Forum
Dutchess County, New York External Links
- Historical Newspapers from New York (1719 - 1992)
- Dutchess County, New York Books - Amazon
- Abstracts of wills of Dutchess County, New York
- Index to wills of Dutchess County, N.Y.
- Sharon, Connecticut, Burying Grounds
- Dutchess County, New York cemeteries
- Tombstone inscriptions from the churchyard of the First Reformed Dutch Church of Fishkill village, Dutchess Co., N.Y.
- Inscriptions from church-yard of St. Peter's Lutheran Church (Old Stone Church), Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, N.Y.
- Some of the oldest in the rural cemetery-Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y.
- Dutchess Co., New York - FindaGrave
- Dutchess County, New York Quaker Records
- Some sources for research on the history of southern Dutchess County, New York
- History of Duchess [sic] County, New York
- General history of Duchess [sic] County from 1609 to 1876
- Historic old Rhinebeck
- History of the Reformed Dutch Church of Rhinebeck Flatts, N.Y.
- Dutchess County, New York Links - Cyndi's List
- Dutchess Co. NYGenweb
- Poughkeepsie, New York Directories, 1890-97
- Dutchess County, New York Ancestry Database Collections
- Dutchess County, New York Military Records