Leon County, Florida Genealogy Guide
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Leon County, Florida (Map It) was created on December 29, 1824 from Gadsden County. Leon County was named for Juan Ponce de León (1474–1521), Spanish explorer who named Florida. Learn More About State of Florida History
Leon County Cities and Towns include Tallahassee.
A Map of Leon County, Florida contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Leon Co. Historical Events:
- It was inhabited by Apalachee Indians in early colonial days and they were great hunters and fishermen and fierce warriors.
- Spanish missions were established here and much commerce was carried on with the settlement at St. Augustine.
- In 1704 an English expedition from South Carolina destroyed these flourishing settlements and plantations.
- Later, in 1818, the natives here were chastised by the American forces of Andrew Jackson for having made British instigated raids on Georgia. He crossed the Ocklockonee River at what is now known as Jackson's Bluff-an electric power plant is located there.
- In 1824 Tallahassee became the territorial capital and a log statehouse erected on the Southeast corner of the present capitol square. The name of this settlement had already been fixed by Indian inhabitants.
Natural Bridge is just south of Tallahassee and was the scene of a Confederate victory in 1865. Tallahassee was the only southern capital not captured during the entire Civil War. The region suffered during reconstruction but prospered later.
- Florida State College for Women and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes are located in Tallahassee, and also the State Supreme Court.
- DeSoto and his men wintered in Tallahassee or immediate vicinity October 25, 1539, to March 2, 1540.
- One night in July, 1839, Mr. Green Chairs, his wife and six children were attacked by Indians five miles southeast of Tallahassee. Mrs. Chairs was shot dead. Mr. Chairs, a grown daughter and three children escaped in the darkness. Two young children were burned alive. Niles' National Register, August 10, 1839.
Leon County, Florida Courthouse Records
Leon County, FL Courthouse
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Leon county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Leon County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1825, Land Records from 1825, Probate Records from 1824 and Court Records from 1825. The County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
- Leon County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
- Leon County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.
Leon County, Florida Census Records
- Learn More: State of Florida Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1830 (Florida Territory), 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1820-1890
- State Population Schedules: 1867-1945, 1885
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Leon County, Florida Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Florida Vital Records
- Birth Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Marriage and Divorce Records: from June 6, 1927 to present.
- Death Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Locations: Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, P.O. Box 210, 1217 Pearl Street (Zip 32202), Jacksonville, FL 32231-0042; PH (904) 359-6900 Ext. 1029.
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications.
Leon County, Florida Resources
- State of Florida Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Florida
- Tallahassee Trust for Historic Preservation
- Tallahassee Genealogical Society
- Florida Heritage Foundation, P. O. Box 793, Tallahassee, FL 32302
- Florida Black Archives, Research Center and Museum
- Leon County, Florida Message Boards
- Leon County, Florida Genealogy Forum
- Leon County, Florida Mailing lists