Union County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide
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Union County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on November 2, 1829 and was formed from Hempstead County and Clark County. Parts of Union County was used to form the following counties: Ashley 1848, Bradley 1840, Calhoun 1850, Columbia 1852, Ouachita 1842. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundaries defined 5 November 1836, line with Lafayette defined 26 November 1846, line with Ouachita changed 6 January 1853, part annexed to Columbia 21 December 1851, and part annexed to Calhoun 19 October 1862. Union County was named for the concept of the union of the states. Learn More About State of Arkansas History
Union County is bordered by Ouachita County (northwest), Calhoun County (north), Bradley County (northeast), Ashley County (east), Morehouse Parish, Louisiana (southeast), Union Parish, Louisiana (south), Claiborne Parish, Louisiana (southwest), Columbia County (west).
Union County Cities and Towns include Calion, El Dorado, Felsenthal, Huttig, Junction City, Mount Holly, Norphlet, Smackover, Strong.
A Map of Union County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Union County, Arkansas Courthouse Records
Union County, AR Courthouse
The Union County Courthouse is located in El Dorado, Arkansas. All records except tax books are complete from 1828. The government that came into power at the last named date destroyed the taxbooks. Records are in excellent state of preservation and are kept in fire-proof vaults at the courthouse. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Union county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Union County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1839, Land Records from 1830 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
- Union County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1847 and has Probate Records from 1830. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
- Union County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
- Union County Health Department
Union County, Arkansas Census Records
- Learn More: State of Arkansas Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1819-1870
- State Population Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Union County, Arkansas Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Arkansas Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from February 1, 1914 to present.
- Marriage Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Divorce Records: from January 1923 to present. Full certified copy may be obtained from the County Circuit or Chancery Clerk.
- Locations: Arkansas Office of Vital Records, 4815 W. Markham Street, Slot 44, Little Rock, AR 72205; (602) 364-1300, 501-661-2336, 800-637-9314
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications.
Union County, Arkansas Resources
- Union County Genealogical Society, Barton Library, 200 E. 5th, El Dorado, AR 71730-3897
- Smackover Genealogical & Historical Society, 700 N. Broadway, Smackover, AR 71762
- Union County, Arkansas Message Boards
- Union County, Arkansas Genealogy Forum
- Union County, Arkansas Mailing lists