Cumberland County, Illinois Genealogy Guide
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Cumberland County, Illinois (Map It) was created on March 2, 1843 from Coles County. Cumberland County was named for the Cumberland road, named in its turn from the town Cumberland, Maryland, which derived its name from the mountain range of the same name adopted, presumably, from the Cumberland mountains of Great Britain. Learn More About State of Illinois History
Cumberland County Cities, Towns & Villages include Neoga, Casey, Greenup, Jewett, Montrose, Toledo, Hazel Dell, Walla Walla, Dees.
Cumberland County Townships include Greenup, Crooked Creek, Cottonwood, Neoga, Spring Point, Union, Sumpter, Woodbury. View the Cumberland Federal Township Plats of Illinois from 1804-1891.
A Cumberland County, Illinois General Highway Maps includes County, City and Township maps which contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Cumberland County, Illinois Courthouse Records
Cumberland County, IL Courthouse
The Cumberland County Courthouse is located in Toledo, Illinois. Toledo was named Prairie City until 1874. Total record loss (1843–1885) due to a Fire on November 5, 1885. Learn More About State of Illinois Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Cumberland county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Cumberland County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds has Marriage Records from 1880, Birth & Death Records from 1885 / 1844 and Land Records from 1885. The County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
- Cumberland County Clerk of the Circuit Court has Probate Records from 1884 and Court Records from 1885. The County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
- Cumberland County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
- Local Government Records Database provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
Cumberland County, Illinois Census Records
- Learn More: State of Illinois Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Substitutes Index, 1810-1890
- State Population Schedules: 1825-1865
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Cumberland County, Illinois Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Illinois Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from January 1916 to present
- Marriage and Divorce Records: from January 1962 to present.
- Locations: Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Vital Records, 925 East Ridgely Ave., Springfield, IL 62702-2737; (217) 782-6553
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications.
Cumberland County, Illinois Resources
- State of Illinois Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Illinois
- Cumberland County Historical & Genealogical Society
- Eastern Illinois University, Booth Library
- Cumberland County, Illinois Message Boards
- Cumberland County, Illinois Genealogy Forum
- Cumberland County, Illinois Mailing lists
Cumberland County, Illinois External Links
- Illinois Historical Newspapers - Newspapers.com
- Map of Cumberland County and its civil and congressional townships
- Cumberland County, Illinois Books - Amazon
- Cumberland Co., Illinois - FindaGrave
- Illinois Indexed Historical Records - Familysearch
- Fact Sheet for Cumberland County - Illinois State Archives