Overview of the 1900 Census
The 1900 census contains information on residents of the US that was recorded in the month of June, 1900. The census began on June 1, lasted for one month. It contains what is considered to be the most accurate Soundex index created for any US census.
Soundex helps to group names by their pronunciation, even when they have a different spelling. This is useful for researching family names that have changed in spelling over time. Therefore, it is an excellent place to begin genealogy when you have starting information such as a family name and general location.
Unique Features of the 1900 Census
Detailed Birth Information – The 1900 census is lists birth month and year of each person. Census data from previous years, as well as the next two consecutive census dates, only listed the age of each person.
Detailed Marriage Information – The 1900 census also lists the number of years that a particular couple was married as of the census date. This is a unique detail that was not always collected in previous or following censuses.
Detailed Property Information – The 1900 census was also the first to list the status of a property as owned, rented or mortgaged. This level of detail provides a rich resource for those who are reaching family history.
Historical Considerations of the 1900 Census
Native American Residents – At the turn of the century, the relevance given to the Native American population began to change. The 1900 census lists information on Native American residents (referred to as Indians). However, some records were kept in the state census records, not in the federal records for each territory or state.
Immigration Information – As Immigration increased, it became more important to have detailed records about a citizen’s country of origin and citizenship. Place of birth, status of citizenship, number of years as a US resident and other similar questions are answered. The census also lists whether or not each resident can speak, read and write English.
States Covered in the 1900 Census
The 1900 census covered the following states and territories: Alabama, Alaska Territory, Arizona Territory, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii Territory, Idaho, Illinois, Indian Territory, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Military and Naval Forces, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma Territory, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Resources for the 1900 Census
Find more useful information by visiting the following resources: