Overview of the 1810 Census

US 1810 Census of Campbell County, VA

Click to View Sample from US 1810 Census of Campbell County, VA

The third US Censes was to be taken over a period of nine months, beginning on August 6, 1810. However, the US government decided to extend that time for an extra month.  Names were only taken for the head of each family.  The number of free white males and free white females were counted and separated by 10 age groups, but all other “free persons” were counted without age distinction.  The census also collected the number of slaves in the household.

Unique Features of the 1810 Census

State Information – The state of Ohio was included for the first time in the 1810 Census.  However, the original information from Ohio and some others states have been lost or destroyed.  These include Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, Tennessee, and the District of Columbia.

Inconsistency of Format – There were no standard forms for the census in 1810.  Therefore, the format varies as widely as the number of enumerators.

Native Americans – Most Native Americans in the US were not counted on the 1810 Census.  At this time, “Indians not taxed,” which were those living on reservations or in unsettled territory, were not counted.

Historical Considerations of the 1810 Census

Slaves – Slaves are listed in the 1810 census under their owners’ last names. You can cross reference that information with tax lists and probate inventories in order to locate multiple members of the same slave family. You may also find that some of those family members are clearly listed by age in the census records. There are some scattered manufacturing schedules scattered amongst the 1810 census documents, which can give you further information.

States Covered in the 1820 Census

Sixteen states were covered in the 1810 census. They are:   ConnecticutDelawareKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsNew HampshireNew YorkNorth CarolinaPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaTennesseeVermontVirginia

Resources for the 1810 Census

Visit the following resources for information on the 1810 Census: