Chesterfield County, South Carolina Genealogy Guide
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Chesterfield County, South Carolina (Map It) was created on 1798 from Cheraws District. The county was named in honor of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords. Learn More About State of South Carolina History.
Chesterfield County is bordered by Anson County, NC (north), Richmond County, NC (northeast), Marlboro County (east), Darlington County (southeast), Kershaw County (southwest), Lancaster County (west), Union County, NC (northwest).
Chesterfield County Cities and Towns include Cheraw, Chesterfield, Jefferson, McBee, Mount Croghan, Pageland, Patrick, Ruby. A Map of Chesterfield County, South Carolina contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Chesterfield County, South Carolina Courthouse Records
Chesterfield County, SC Courthouse
Old Chesterfield County Courthouse
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Chesterfield county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. During the Civil War, Chesterfield's courthouse records were evacuated to Columbia, South Carolina where they were destroyed by fire during Sherman's Union army occupation of that city in February 1865. Deed books have suffered heavy losses.
- Chesterfield County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1911 and Probate Records from 1865. The County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
- Chesterfield County County Clerk of Court / Register of Deeds has Court Records from 1861, Divorce Records from since April 1949 and Land Records from 1823. The County Clerk of Court / Register of Deeds is divided into General Sessions and Common Pleas Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record. It records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
- Chesterfield County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).
- Chesterfield County Health Department has birth and death records from 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office.
Chesterfield County, South Carolina Census Records
- Learn More: State of South Carolina Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Chesterfield County, South Carolina Vital Records
- Learn More: State of South Carolina Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from January 1915 to present
- Marriage Records: from July 1950 to present. Contact the Office of Probate for earlier records.
- Divorce Records: from July 1962 to present. Contact the Clerk of Court for earlier records.
- Locations: South Carolina Office of Vital Statistics
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth and Death Certificate or Marriage and Divorce Certificate Applications.
- In Person: List of Vital Records Services Office locations
Chesterfield County, South Carolina Resources
- South Carolina Genealogical Society Chesterfield District Chapter
- Historical Society of Chesterfield County
- Chesterfield County Historic Preservation Commission, 230 Third Street, Cheraw, SC 29520; (843) 537-3387; (843) 623-2984
- Historic Cheraw Inc, 230 Third Street, Cheraw, SC 29520
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina Message Boards
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina Genealogy Forum read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Chesterfield County
Chesterfield County, South Carolina External Links
- Historical Newspapers from South Carolina (1783 - 1975 )
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina Books - Amazon
- South Carolina Archives Summary Guide to Chesterfield County Records
- Chesterfield Co., South Carolina - FindaGrave
- Rev Aaron Weaver Knight Journal - Begun by Rev. Aaron Weaver Knight (1810 - 8 Jul 1888) and ended by his son, Rev. Sidney Thomas Knight (1 Dec 1846 - 28 Aug 1921). The citizens herein lived in the general area of Jefferson and Angelus communities in Chesterfield Co., SC. Some were of Kershaw Co. and possibly Lancaster Co, SC because the three borders were so close. Included are interesting environmental and catastrophic events.
- A History of Chesterfield County
- Chesterfield County History