Garfield County, Washington Genealogy Guide

Garfield County, Washington (Map It) was created on November 29, 1881 from Columbia County. The county was named in honor of James A. Garfield (1831–1881), 20th U.S. President. In the nineteenth century, many of the region’s major explorers passed through the county, Lewis and Clark in 1806 and Captain James Bonneville in 1834. Today Garfield County is the state’s least populous county. Its economy is based primarily on growing grain, livestock raising and the processing of food. Learn More About State of Washington History.

Garfield County is bordered by Whitman County (north), Asotin County (east), Wallowa County, Oregon (south), Columbia County (west)

Garfield County Cities and Towns include Pomeroy. A Map of Garfield County, Washington contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Garfield County, Washington Courthouse Records

Garfield County, Washington Courthouse
Garfield County, WA Courthouse

The Garfield County Courthouse is located in Pomeroy, Washington. Learn More About State of Washington Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research. Although originally held in the county seat, many county land, probate, and court records have been transferred to the state archive's regional branches.

The Garfield County record dates below are from the earliest date to present time. They may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, voter registration, court records, and so forth.

  • Garfield County Auditor has Birth and Death Records from 1891 to 1907, Marriage Records from 1892 and Land Records from 1892 . The County Auditor has many responsibilities which include the recording of real property documents such as deeds and other recorded documents, issuing various licenses such as marriage liscense.
  • Garfield County Clerk has Court Records from 1882 and Probate Records from 1883 . The County Clerk is the administrator of the Superior Court Clerk's Office. The Clerk's Office is responsible for keeping the permanent records of all cases filed in Superior Court. The type of cases filed are felony criminal cases, civil lawsuits, petitions for protection from domestic violence, family law matters (dissolutions 3rd Party Custody, parenting plans, modifications) probates, guardianships, Last Will & Testaments, paternities, adoptions and mental commitments. For judicial purposes, many of the Washington counties were attached to other counties.
  • Garfield County Treasurer is the property tax collector for the County. Property Taxes are levied on the property by the various taxing authorities based on the valuation and current property usage as set by the Assessor's Office.
  • The Garfield County Health District can issue Birth, Marriage and Death certificates while you wait.

Garfield County, Washington Census Records

Garfield County, Washington Vital Records

Garfield County, Washington Resources

Garfield County, Washington External Links