Texas Map & Atlas Guide

Any Historical Texas Map can indicate who owned specific property in the state and which towns held the county seat at the time.  This information is a valuable starting point for your research pointing you to the right location of records.

Solving Research Problems with a Texas Maps – If you have started your family research, you might have experienced trouble with trying to identify Texas city borders and names that have changed over the course of time. This can make it difficult to understand where your ancestors’ information is kept.

Because Texas historic maps were usually commissioned by the county seat, they often display information about the county, including town names. Reading a Texas map from the time period you are researching can help tremendously in solving these problems by leading you to the correct town records. It can also give you other leads, such as the location of city directories or old post offices in Texas.

Texas Map of Counties

Texas Map of Counties

Choosing the Best Texas Map – If you have a large source of maps to choose from, try starting with the area where your ancestors resided and looking for the maps with the most detail.  You can determine a lot by seeing if the area was still rural or more developed, and how far it was to the nearest city.  This can shed light on your family’s lifestyle and occupation. Were they farmers who lived in the country, or merchants who traveled often to a nearby city?  A map can give you an idea of what occupations were possible.

Many Texas maps are available at various repositories, such as the GLO.  The Texas State Library’s Archives Division holds a particularly large map collection.  That collection includes map compilations, photocopies, and original documents. Some of them are road and highway maps, while others are land survey maps, state maps, or county maps.

Coastal maps, town plats, nautical maps, street maps, and bird’s eye maps are also included, and the collection is indexed according to date and map location.  Maps in the collection that were deposited at the Texas State Library before 1965. The Map Collection of the Texas State Archives.  The University of Texas libraries in both El Paso and Austin also hold useful state map collections, as does Southern Methodist University DeGrolyer Library.

Texas Map of County Formations For The Years 1834-1931

These Texas maps shows the historical changes to Texas counties from 1834 to 1931. This Interactive Texas map is made with the use AniMap Plus 3.0 & with the Permission of the Goldbug Company.

Slideshow image
Texas County Formation years
1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849
1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1860 1861 1862 1864 1866 1869
1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884
1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1907 1908 1910 1911
1912 1913 1917 1921 1924 1927 1931                
Texas County Census Years
1836 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930        
Texas Census Year with previous Census Year overlayed:
1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930          
Texas Census Year with Modern Map overlayed:
1836 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920          
Texas Map Abbreviations
unorg. = unorganized
g. = gained
w. = with
fr. = from
atmt. = attachment
exch = exchanged
nca.= non county area
ch. = changed
Adw - Andrews
Ang - Angelina
Ara - Aransas
Arc - Archer
Arm - Armstrong
Asn - Anderson
At  - Atascosa
Au  - Austin
Bai - Bailey
Ban - Bandera
Bas - Bastrop
Bay - Baylor
Bee - Bee
Bel - Bell
Bex - Bexar
Bks - Brooks
Bl  - Blanco
Bnt - Burnet
Bor - Borden
Bos - Bosque
Bow - Bowie
Bre - Brewster
Bri - Briscoe
Bsn - Burleson
Bwn - Brown
Bzr - Brazoria
Bzs - Brazos
Car - Carson
Cby - Crosby
Cdl - Caldwell
Cdo - Colorado
Cha - Chambers
Che - Comanche
Chi - Childress
Chk - Cherokee
Cho - Concho
Ckt - Crockett
Cl  - Clay
Cll - Callahan
Cln - Collin
Cml - Comal
Cmn - Coleman
Cmp - Camp
Coc - Cochran
Cok - Coke
Coo - Cooke
Cor - Coryell
Cot - Cottle
Cra - Crane*
Crn - Cameron
Css - Cass
Cto - Castro
Cu  - Culberson
Cun - Calhoun
Cwh - Collingsworth
Daw - Dawson
Del - Delta
Den - Denton
Dic - Dickens
Dim - Dimmit
Dlm - Dallam
Dls - Dallas
Don - Donley
DS  - Deaf Smith
Du  - Duval
DW  - De Witt
Ea  - Eastland
Ec  - Ector
Ed  - Edwards
Els - Ellis
EP  - El Paso
Er  - Erath
Fal - Falls
Fan - Fannin
Fay - Fayette
FB  - Fort Bend
Fi  - Fisher
Fl  - Floyd
Foa - Foard
Fra - Franklin
Fre - Freestone
Fri - Frio
Gai - Gaines
Gal - Galveston
Gar - Garza
Gil - Gillespie
Gla - Glasscock
Gol - Goliad
Gon - Gonzales
Gre - Gregg
Gri - Grimes
Gry - Gray
Gsn - Grayson
Gu  - Guadalupe
Ham - Hamilton
Han - Hansford
Has - Haskell
Hay - Hays
Hdn - Hardin
Hem - Hemphill
Hen - Henderson
Hid - Hidalgo
Hil - Hill
Hle - Hale
Hll - Hall
Hly - Hartley
Hmn - Hardeman
Hoc - Hockley*
Hoo - Hood
Hop - Hopkins
Hou - Houston
How - Howard
Hrs - Harris
Hsn - Harrison
Hud - Hudspeth
Hun - Hunt
Hut - Hutchinson
Ir  - Irion
Jas - Jasper
Jck - Jack
JD  - Jeff Davis
Jfn - Jefferson
JH  - Jim Hogg
Joh - Johnson
Jon - Jones
Jsn - Jackson
JW  - Jim Wells
Kar - Karnes
Kau - Kaufman
Kdl - Kendall
Ker - Kerr
Kim - Kimble
Kl  - Kleberg
Kn  - Knox
Kng - King
Knt - Kent
Kny - Kinney
Lav - Lavaca
Lee - Lee
Leo - Leon
Lib - Liberty
Lim - Limestone
Lip - Lipscomb
Ll  - Llano
Lmb - Lamb
Lmr - Lamar
LO  - Live Oak
Lo  - Loving
Lps - Lampasas
LS  - La Salle
Lu  - Lubbock
Ly  - Lynn
Mad - Madison
Mat - Matagorda
Mav - Maverick
McC - McCulloch
McL - McLennan
Mcl - Mitchell
McM - McMullen
Med - Medina
Men - Menard
Mgu - Montague
Mid - MIdland
Mlm - Milam
Mls - Mills
Moo - Moore
Mor - Morris
Mot - Motley
Mrn - Marion
Msn - Mason
Mtn - Martin
Mty - Montgomery
Nac - Nacogdoches
Ne  - Newton
No  - Nolan
Nro - Navarro
Nu  - Nueces
Oc  - Ochiltree
Ol  - Oldham
Or  - Orange
Pan - Panola
Pe  - Pecos
Pkr - Parker
Pmr - Parmer
Pol - Polk
Pot - Potter
PP  - Palo Pinto
Pr  - Presidio
Rai - Rains
Ran - Randall
Ree - Reeves
Ref - Refugio
Rel - Real
Rgn - Reagan
Roc - Rockwall
RR  - Red River
Rsn - Robertson
Rts - Roberts
Run - Runnels
Rus - Rusk
SA  - San Augustine
Sbn - Sabine
Sby - Shelby
Sch - Schleicher
Scu - Scurry
Sha - Shackelford
SJ  - San Jacinto
Slg - Sterling
Sm  - Smith
Smn - Sherman
So  - Somervell
SP  - San Patricio
Sps - Stephens
SS  - San Saba
Sta - Starr
Su  - Sutton
Sw  - Swisher
Swl - Stonewall
Tar - Tarrant
Tay - Taylor
TG  - Tom Green
Th  - Throckmorton
Ti  - Titus
Tra - Travis
Tri - Trinity
Trl - Terrell
Try - Terry
Ty  - Tyler
Ups - Upshur
Upt - Upton
Uv  - Uvalde
Vi  - Victoria
VV  - Val Verde
VZ  - Van Zandt
War - Ward
Was - Washington
Wbr - Wilbarger
We  - Webb
Wha - Wharton
Whe - Wheeler
Wic - Wichita
Win - Winkler
Wis - Wise
Wkr - Walker
Wlr - Waller
Wls - Wilson
Wly - Willacy
Wmn - Williamson
Wo  - Wood
Yoa - Yoakum
You - Young
Zap - Zapata
Zav - Zavala

Texas Maps & Atlases

1880 Texas MapThe David Rumsey Historical Texas Map Collection is scanned from original copies so you can see Texas as our ancestors saw them over a hundred years ago.

Some Texas map years (not all) have cities, railroads, P.O. locations, township outlines and other features useful to the Texas researcher.

Texas Map of D.O.T. County Road and Highway’s

Texas County DOT MapThe University of Texas Libraries provides highly detailed county maps online. These maps contain more detailed information about man-made features than the geological survey maps.

In addition to roads and boundaries, these maps include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

External Texas Map Links

  • Creuzbaur, Robert J. DeCordova’s Map of the State of Texas. Compiled from the Records of the General Land Office (GLO) of the State. Houston: n.p., 1849.
    Day, James M., et al., comps. Maps of Texas, 1527–1900: The Map Collection of the Texas State Archives. Austin, Tex.: Pemberton Press, 1964.
  • Frantz, Joe Bertram. Lure of the Land: Texas County Maps and the History of Settlement. College Station, Tex.: Texas A&M University Press, 1988.
  • Gamble, W. H. County Map of the State of Texas: Showing Also Portions of the Adjoining States and Territories. Philadelphia: n.p., 1879.
  • Gannett, Henry. A Gazetteer of Texas. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904.
  • Gray, O. W. Gray’s Railroad Map of Texas. Philadelphia: the author, 1877.
  • Martin, James C., and Robert S. Martin. Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513–1900. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984. Brief historical sketches accompany the maps in this atlas.
  • Pool, William C. A Historical Atlas of Texas. Austin, Tex.: Encinco Press, 1975. Maps of the state depict the frontier and various historical periods as well as Indian territories.
  • Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes. Historical Atlas of Texas. Consultant: Phyllis M. McCaffree. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.
  • Tarpley, Fred. 1001 Texas Place Names. Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 1980.
  • Texas State Gazetteer and Business Directory. R. L. Polk and Co., 1882–83, 1884–85, 1890–91. These directories provide a means to identifying business owners in Texas towns as well as locating communities that have disappeared.
  • Webb, Walter Prescott, and Eldon Stephen Branda. The Handbook of Texas. 3 vols. Austin, Tex.: Texas State Historical Association, 1952–76.
  • Wheat, James L. Postmasters and Post Offices in Texas, 1846– 1930. N.p.: n.p., 1973. Provides most complete list of communities.

U.S. State Map Guides

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