Clay County, South Dakota Genealogy Guide

Clay County, South Dakota (Map It) was created on April 10, 1862 from Unorganized territory. The county was named in honor of Henry Clay (1777 - 1852), U.S. Senator from Kentucky and prominent 19th Century political figure. Learn More About State of South Dakota History

Clay County is bordered by Turner County (north), Lincoln County (northeast), Union County (east), Dixon County, Nebraska, Cedar County, Nebraska (southwest), Yankton County (west).

Clay County Cities and Towns include Burbank, Dalesburg, Greenfield, Irene, Meckling, Vermillion, Wakonda, Westreville.

Clay County, South Dakota Courthouse Records

The Clay County Courthouse is located in Vermillion, South Dakota. Learn More About State of South Dakota Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Clay county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Clay County Register of Deeds has Marriage Records from 1860  and Land Records from 1862?. The County Register of Deeds is the primary record-keeping and archival repository for county land records and for the recording & maintaining of records pertaining to that real estate, plats, deeds, mortgages & many miscellaneous documents. This office is the keeper of birth, death & marriage records, military discharge records, fictitious name filings, and various types of liens, including mechanic’s liens, state and federal tax liens.
  • Clay County Clerk of Court has Probate Records from 1862? and Court Records from 1862?.

Clay County, South Dakota Census Records

Clay County, South Dakota Vital Records

Clay County, South Dakota Resources

Clay County, South Dakota External Links

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