Lancaster County, South Carolina Genealogy Guide

Lancaster County, South Carolina (Map It) was created on 1798 from Camden District. The county was named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Learn More About State of South Carolina History.

Lancaster County is bordered by Columbus County, North Carolina (north), Chesterfield County (east), Kershaw County (south), Fairfield County (southwest), York County (west), Chester County (west), Columbus County, North Carolina (northwest).

Lancaster County Cities and Towns include Buford, Elgin, Heath Springs, Indian Land, Irwin, Kershaw, Lancaster Mill, Lancaster, Springdale, Taxahaw, Van Wyck. A Map of Lancaster County, South Carolina contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Lancaster County, South Carolina Courthouse Records

Lancaster County, South Carolina Courthouse
Lancaster County, SC Courthouse

Old Lancaster County Courthouse

The Lancaster County Courthouse is located in Lancaster, South Carolina. Learn More About State of South Carolina Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Lancaster county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Although marauding federal soldiers attempted to fire the courthouse, many records were saved; loose equity papers, however, seem to have perished. Moreover, most of Lancaster's probate records were destroyed when Union cavalry intercepted in open country local officials who were attempting to remove the records to safety. Some Camden Circuit Court District conveyance records are included.

  • Lancaster County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1762. The County Register of Deeds records and maintain deeds, mortgages, plats, state and federal tax liens, mechanics liens, uniform commercial code filings, and other miscellaneous documents pertaining to real estate transactions.
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1911  and Probate Records from 1820. The County Clerk of Probate Court has original jurisdiction over actions concerning the issuance of marriage licenses, the estate of a deceased person, the will of an individual, the estate of a minor or incapacitated person, trusts, and involuntary commitments.
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Court has Court Records from 1800 and Divorce Records from since April 1949. The County Clerk of Court is divided into General Sessions and Common Pleas Court. The Circuit Court is a formal court of record.
  • Lancaster County Tax Assessor / Collector is responsible for the collection of taxes. Our office does not calculate a property’s taxable value (Assessor’s Office).
  • Lancaster County Health Department has birth and death records from 1915. Marriage records prior to 1950 are available from the Probate Court office. Divorce records since April 1949 are available from the County Clerk's office.

Lancaster County, South Carolina Census Records

Lancaster County, South Carolina Vital Records

Lancaster County, South Carolina Resources

Lancaster County, South Carolina External Links