Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Genealogy Guide

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (Map It) was created on May 10, 1729 from Chester County. The county was named for the English city of Lancaster. Learn More About State of Pennsylvania History

Lancaster County is bordered by Lebanon County (north), Berks County (northeast), Chester County (east), Cecil County, Maryland (south), Harford County, Maryland (south), York County (west), Dauphin County (northwest). A Map of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Lancaster County Townships include  Bart, Brecknock, Caernarvon, Clay, Colerain, Conestoga, Conoy, Drumore, Earl, East Cocalico, East Donegal, East Drumore, East Earl, East Hempfield, East Lampeter, Eden, Elizabeth, Ephrata, Fulton, Lancaster, Leacock, Little Britain, Manheim, Manor, Martic, Mount Joy, Paradise, Penn, Pequea, Providence, Rapho, Sadsbury, Salisbury, Strasburg, Upper Leacock, Warwick, West Cocalico, West Donegal, West Earl, West Hempfield, and West Lampeter.

Lancaster County Boroughs include  Adamstowkron, Christiana, Columbia, Denver, East Petersburg, Elizabethtown, Ephrata, Lititz, Manheim, Marietta, Millersville, Mount Joy, Mountville, New Holland, Quarryville, Strasburg, and Terre Hill.

Lancaster County Cities & Towns include Lancaster. See also Lancaster County Municipalities Incorporation Dates.

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Courthouse Records

Lancaster County Townships Map
Lancaster County Townships Map


Lancaster County, PA Courthouse

The Lancaster County Courthouse is located in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Some early court records have been transferred to the Lancaster County Historical Society Learn More About State of Pennsylvania Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Lancaster county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Lancaster County Recorder of Deeds has Land Records from 1729. The County Recorder of Deeds is responsible for recording documents related to property. Documents recorded consist of, but are not limited to, deeds, mortgages, restrictions, notaries, public and elected county officers. Other documents, such as Military Service Discharges, foreign birth certificates, as well as obscure documents like cattle brands, are also recorded here.
  • Lancaster County Prothonotary / Clerk of Courts has Court & Divorce Records from 1729. The Prothonotary / Clerk of Courts has been the clerk of court of common pleas since 1707. Court records here include divorces, naturalizations, peddlers' licenses, registration of attorneys, oaths of county officers, equity, sheriff's sales, juror lists, some tax records, and some civil court records.Other court records are with the clerk of courts.
  • Lancaster County Register of Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk has Marriage & Probate Records from 1729 and Birth & Death Records from before Jan 1906. The Wills/ Orphan's Court Clerk are often the same person, sometimes sharing the responsibility of the recorder of deeds and clerk of courts as well. The Register of Wills' principal duties include probating wills and accepting for filing all documents necessary to complete the administration of a decedent's estate. The Clerk of Orphans' Court, our office serves as the filing office and custodian of records for matters involving adoptions, guardianships and estate litigation. The office also issues all marriage licenses. Since 1885 the clerk of the orphans' court in each county has had the responsibility of recording marriages.
  • Lancaster County Tax Assessor Office has tax records but may also be in the county commissioners' office or with the prothonotary.

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Census Records

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Vital Records

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Resources

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania External Links