Population schedules for North Carolina in 1890 that have survived are those for the townships of River Bend and South Point, each located in Gaston County, as well as the records for Cleveland County’s Township No. 2. North Carolina original census records or microfilmed copies can be found at the North Carolina State Archives.
There were no North Carolina colonial censuses taken. However, there are tax records from that time period, which contain quite a bit of useful census-like information. In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered that a census of North Carolina be taken. However, the only surviving records are those from Pitt County.
Census records generally list people according race, gender, and age. Some counties did not respond to the 1775 census requirement until as late as 1786. Some records seem to indicate that there was another census taken in 1787. Therefore, what is known as the State Census of North Carolina, 1784-1787 may actually be records from two separate censuses.