Niagara County, New York Genealogy Guide
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Niagara County, New York (Map It) was created on March 11, 1818 from Genesee County. The county was named for an Iroquoian word perhaps meaning "a neck" between two bodies of water, "thunder of waters", or "bisected bottom land".
Niagara County Cities and Towns include Barker (village), Cambria (town), Gasport, Hartland (town), Lewiston (village), Lewiston (town), Lockport (town), Lockport (city), Middleport (village), Newfane (town), Niagara Falls (city), Niagara (town), North Tonawanda (city), Olcott, Pendleton (town), Porter (town), Ransomville, Rapids, Royalton (town), Somerset (town), South Lockport, Wheatfield (town), Wilson (village), Wilson (town), Youngstown (village).
Niagara County, New York Courthouse Records
Niagara County, NY Courthouse
The Niagara County Courthouse is located in Lockport, New York. Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources. Learn More About State of New York Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Niagara county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Records for the period 1813—21 are in Buffalo, which was the county seat of Niagara until Erie was created; earlier records were destroyed when the British burned the Buffalo courthouse in 1813.
- Niagara County Clerk has Land Records from 1821, Court Records from 1821 and Naturalization Records. State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region. The County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Niagara County Surrogate Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1821. The County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Niagara County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Niagara County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
Niagara County, New York Census Records
- Learn More: State of New York Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925
- Other State Census Schedules: Census of Inmates in Almshouses and Poorhouses, 1830-1920, Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880, Non-Population Schedules 1850-1880
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Niagara County, New York Vital Records
- Learn More: State of New York Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from 1880 to present
- Marriage Records: from 1880 to present
- Divorce Records: from January 1963 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk's Office.
- Locations: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate, Genealogy Applications.
- In Person: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12237; (518) 474-3077, (518) 474-3038 Information
Niagara County, New York Resources
- State of New York Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for New York
- Niagara County Genealogical Society
- Niagara County Historical Society, Inc
- Central New York Genealogical Society
- St Catharines Ontario Canada Family History Center
- Buffalo New York Family History Center
- Niagara County Community College Library Special Collections
- Nioga Library System
- New York Genealogy Research Community
- Niagara County, New York Message Boards
- Niagara County, New York Genealogy Forum
Niagara County, New York External Links
- Historical Newspapers from New York (1719 - 1992)
- Niagara County, New York Books - Amazon
- Niagara Co., New York - FindaGrave
- Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of Niagara County, New York
- The streets of Lockport
- The first guides to Niagara Falls
- History of northwestern New York : Erie, Niagara, Wyoming, Genesee and Orleans Counties
- Anthology and bibliography of Niagara Falls
- Niagara County, New York Links - Cyndi's List
- Niagara Co. NYGenweb
- Kirwin's directory of the city of Lockport and county of Niagara for the year 1878.
- Boyd's Lockport city directory : with a business directory of Niagara County and an appendix, 1866-7
- The Lockport city directory, for the year ending September 1st, 1868
- Niagara County, New York Ancestry Database Collections
- The Niagara campaign of 1759
- Niagara County, New York Military Records