Essex County, New York Genealogy Guide
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Essex County is bordered by Clinton County (north), Chittenden County, Vermont (northeast), Addison County, Vermont (east), Washington County (south), Warren County (south), Hamilton County (southwest), Franklin County (northwest).
Essex County Cities and Towns include Chesterfield (town), Crown Point (town), Elizabethtown (town), Elizabethtown, Essex (town), Jay (town), Keene (town), Keeseville (village), Lake Placid (village), Lewis (town), Minerva (town), Mineville-Witherbee, Moriah (town), Newcomb (town), North Elba (town), North Hudson (town), Port Henry (village), Saranac Lake (village), Schroon (town), St. Armand (town), Ticonderoga (town), Ticonderoga, Westport (town), Willsboro (town), Wilmington (town) .
Essex County, New York Courthouse Records
Essex County, NY Courthouse
The Essex County Courthouse is located in Elizabethtown, New York. Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources. Learn More About State of New York Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Essex county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Essex County Clerk has Land Records from 1799, Court Records from 1799 and Naturalization Records. State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region. The County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Essex County Surrogate Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1803. The County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Essex County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Essex County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
Essex County, New York Census Records
- Learn More: State of New York Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925
- Other State Census Schedules: Census of Inmates in Almshouses and Poorhouses, 1830-1920, Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880, Non-Population Schedules 1850-1880
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Essex County, New York Vital Records
- Learn More: State of New York Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from 1880 to present
- Marriage Records: from 1880 to present
- Divorce Records: from January 1963 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk's Office.
- Locations: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate, Genealogy Applications.
- In Person: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12237; (518) 474-3077, (518) 474-3038 Information
Essex County, New York Resources
- State of New York Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for New York
- Essex County Historical Society / Brewster Memorial Research Library & Archives
- Clinton Essex Franklin Library System
- Adirondack History Center Museum
- Fort Ticonderoga/Thompson-Pell Research Center
- Keene Valley Library Archives
- Lake Placid Public Library
- Penfield Foundation Museum
- Sherman Free Libary
- Directory of Archival and Historical Document Collections
- New York Genealogy Research Community
- Essex County, New York Message Boards
- Essex County, New York Genealogy Forum
Essex County, New York External Links
- Historical Newspapers from New York (1719 - 1992)
- Northern New York Historical Newspapers - Essex County
- Essex County, New York Books - Amazon
- Essex County, New York Tombstone Transcriptions
- Essex County cemetery inscriptions
- Essex Co., New York - FindaGrave
- Essex on Lake Champlain
- History of Essex County
- Tahawus, Newcomb, and Long Lake
- Pioneer history of the Champlain Valley
- Essex and Warren County cemetery records
- Essex County, New York Links - Cyndi's List
- Essex Co. NYGenweb
- Essex County, New York Ancestry Database Collections
- Montcalm at the battle of Carillon (Ticonderoga) (July 8th, 1758)
- Essex County, New York Military Records