Cattaraugus County, New York Genealogy Guide
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Cattaraugus County, New York (Map It) was created on March 11, 1808 from Genessee County. The county was named for a Seneca word meaning "bad smelling banks", referring to the odor of natural gas which leaked from local rock formations .
Cattaraugus County is bordered by Erie County (north), Wyoming County (northeast), Allegany County (east), McKean County, Pennsylvania (southeast), Warren County, Pennsylvania (southwest),Chautauqua County (west).
Cattaraugus County Cities and Towns include Olean, Salamanca, Allegany, Ashford, Carrollton, Coldspring, Conewango, Dayton, East Otto, Ellicottville, Farmersville, Franklinville, Freedom, Great Valley, Hinsdale, Humphrey, Ischua, Leon, Little Valley, Lyndon, Machias, Mansfield, Napoli, New Albion, Olean, Otto, Perrysburg, Persia, Portville, Randolph, Red House, Salamanca, South Valley, Yorkshire. Villages include Allegany, Cattaraugus, Delevan, East Randolph, Ellicottville, Franklinville, Gowanda, Limestone, Little Valley, Perrysburg, Portville, Randolph, South Dayton. Hamlets include Lime Lake-Machias, St. Bonaventure, Weston Mills.
Cattaraugus County, New York Courthouse Records
Cattaraugus County, NY Courthouse
The Cattaraugus County Courthouse is located in Little Valley, New York. Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources. Learn More About State of New York Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Cattaraugus county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered. Cattaraugus had no county government until 1817. Its records were first kept in Buffalo, but they were destroyed in 1813 when the British burned the courthouse. In 1812 Cattaraugus was annexed to Allegany County, and from 1814 - 17 county records for the eastern towns of Olean and Ischua were kept in Belmont and for the western town of Perry, in Buffalo.
- Cattaraugus County Clerk has Land Records from 1817, Court Records from 1817 and Naturalization Records. State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region. The County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Cattaraugus County Surrogate Court Clerk has Probate Records from 1817. The County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Cattaraugus County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Cattaraugus County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
Cattaraugus County, New York Census Records
- Learn More: State of New York Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: 1660-1820
- State Population Schedules: 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925
- Other State Census Schedules: Census of Inmates in Almshouses and Poorhouses, 1830-1920, Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880, Non-Population Schedules 1850-1880
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Cattaraugus County, New York Vital Records
- Learn More: State of New York Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from 1880 to present
- Marriage Records: from 1880 to present
- Divorce Records: from January 1963 to present. Earlier Records are in the County Clerk's Office.
- Locations: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate, Genealogy Applications.
- In Person: New York State Dept of Health, Vital Records Section, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12237; (518) 474-3077, (518) 474-3038 Information
Cattaraugus County, New York Resources
- State of New York Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for New York
- Cattaraugus County Genealogical Society
- Cattaraugus County Historical Museum and Research Library
- Allegany Public Library, 90 West Main Street, Allegany, NY 14706, Phone: 1-716-373-1056,
- Delvan-Yorkshire Public Library, P.O. Box 185, 28 School Street, Delevan, NY 14042, Phone: 1-716-492-1961,
- Gowanda Free Library
- Memorial Library of Little Valley, 110 Rock City Street, Little Valley, NY 14755, Phone: 1-716-938-6301 ,
- Ellicottville Memorial Library, 1 Washington Street, Ellicottville, NY 14731, Phone: 1-716-699-2842,
- King Memorial Library
- Myers Memorial Library
- Seneca Nation Library-Cattaraugus Branch
- Seneca-Iroquois National Museum
- New York Genealogy Research Community
- Cattaraugus County, New York Message Boards
- Cattaraugus County, New York Genealogy Forum
Cattaraugus County, New York External Links
- Historical Newspapers from New York (1719 - 1992)
- Olean Evening Times (Olean, New York)
- Times Herald (Olean, New York)
- Olean Evening Herald (Olean, New York)
- The Olean Democrat (Olean, New York)
- Salamanca Republican Press (Salamanca, New York)
- The Democrat (Olean, New York)
- Cattaraugus County, New York Books - Amazon
- Gravestone inscriptions in Cattaraugus County, New York
- Gravestone inscriptions of Cadiz, Franklinville, Sugartown, Delevan, and Yorkshire cemetery.
- Cattaraugus Co., New York - FindaGrave
- History of Cattaraugus Co., New York
- Historical and biographical history of the township of Dayton, Cattaraugus County, New York
- Cattaraugus County, New York Links - Cyndi's List
- Cattaraugus Co. NYGenweb
- Cattaraugus County, New York Ancestry Database Collections
- Revolutionary soldiers buried in Cattaraugus County, New York : typescript,
- Cattaraugus County, New York Military Records