Federal census records for 1860 to 1880, including mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, and industry schedules, have been copied and filed at the Nebraska State Historical Society.
Several territorial censuses were taken in Nebraska. Those original records can be found at the Nebraska State Historical Society and include censuses for 1854, 1855, and 1856. Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Records contains an index of those records. Censuses taken in 1867, 1874, 1875, 1878, and 1879 also included some information from Nebraska counties.
The 1885 state census has been copied on microfilm. It is available at the FHL, National Archives, and Nebraska State Historical Society. All household members were listed in those schedules, Mortality, agricultural, and industrial schedules were also included. The 1890 Census Substitute database includes an index of those records.
The state of Nebraska requires that school censuses be taken on an annual basis. Some of those records are available on microfilm at the FHL, as part of Nebraska’s USGenWeb archives, or through the Nebraska State Historical Society.
Searchable Nebraska Census Databases and other Helpful Links
Nebraska State Census Collection, 1860-1885 – A few Nebraska counties were recorded in censuses in the late 1800s. In 1885 a statewide census was taken, encouraged by the federal government. This database contains information from some of these censuses.
Nebraska State Census, 1885 – This database contains information from the 1885 Nebraska State Census. It includes all of the counties that existed at the time, with the exception of Blaine County. Information listed includes: Name of every member of the household, Race, Gender, Age, Birthplace, Location (town, county, state), Enumeration district number, Date the census was taken, Census page number. Microfilmed copies of this census are held at the Nebraska State Historical Society and the National Archives.
Nebraska Census, 1854-70 – This collection contains the following indexes: 1854 Territorial Census Index; 1855 Territorial Census Index; 1856 Territorial Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index