Nassau County, Florida Genealogy Guide

Nassau County, Florida (Map It) was created on December 29, 1824 from Duval County. Nassau County was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany. Learn More About State of Florida History

Nassau County is bordered by Camden County, Georgia (north), Duval County (south), Baker County (southwest), Charlton County, Georgia (west).

Nassau County Cities and Towns include Callahan, Fernandina Beach, Hilliard.

A Map of Nassau County, Florida contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Nassau Co. Historical Events:

  • Fernandina, the county seat, has a fine-harbor and is the site of large paper mills.
  • It has a most interesting history, for over it have flown the flags of Spain, France, England, Mexico, Venezuela, the Confederacy and the United States. Nearby is historic Fort Clinch.
  • Spanish made short lived settlements on Amelia Island prior to 1600.
  • Gregor McGregor and other filibusterers took Amelia Island in 1817. Luis Aury, who succeeded McGregor, forced to surrender to American forces December, 1817.

Nassau County, Florida Courthouse Records

Nassau County, Florida Courthouse
Nassau County, FL Courthouse

The Nassau County Courthouse is located in Fernandina Beach, Florida. Learn More About State of Florida Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Nassau county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Nassau County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1867, Land Records from 1840, Probate Records from 1873 and Court Records from 1873. The County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
  • Nassau County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Nassau County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Nassau County, Florida Census Records

Nassau County, Florida Vital Records

Nassau County, Florida Resources

Nassau County, Florida External Links