Monroe County, Florida Genealogy Guide
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Monroe County, Florida (Map It) was created on July 3, 1823 from Saint Johns County. Monroe County was named for James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States. Learn More About State of Florida History
Monroe County Cities and Towns include Key West, Marathon, Key Colony Beach, Layton, Islamorada.
A Map of Monroe County, Florida contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Monroe Co. Historical Events:
- Key West, the county seat, was a thriving port and the largest city in Florida before the Civil War.
- Fort Jefferson, on the Dry Tortugas, was the place of imprisonment of Dr. Mudd who had set the broken leg of John Wilkes Booth after the latter had assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
- Key West became a naval base in 1822 and was of great importance during the Civil War, the Spanish American War, first World War and again in the second World War.
- It is a most interesting city with its ancient houses-, its "Turtle crawls" and its tropical vegetation.
- It is reached by buses, Trucks: and passenger cars over a highway running from Florida's mainland over a series of long and narrow keys connected by bridges, the center of one bridge being out of sight of land.
- John W. Simonton purchased island of Key West from Don Juan de Estrada, original grantee, December 21, 1821.
- Florida's first democratic primary held in Monroe County 1876.
Monroe County, Florida Courthouse Records
Monroe County, FL Courthouse
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Monroe county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Monroe County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1826, Land Records from 1826, Probate Records from 1888 and Court Records from ?. The County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
- Monroe County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
- Monroe County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.
Monroe County, Florida Census Records
- Learn More: State of Florida Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1830 (Florida Territory), 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1820-1890
- State Population Schedules: 1867-1945, 1885
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Monroe County, Florida Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Florida Vital Records
- Birth Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Marriage and Divorce Records: from June 6, 1927 to present.
- Death Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Locations: Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, P.O. Box 210, 1217 Pearl Street (Zip 32202), Jacksonville, FL 32231-0042; PH (904) 359-6900 Ext. 1029.
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications.
Monroe County, Florida Resources
- State of Florida Archives and Societies
- RAOGK Volunteers for Florida
- Historic Florida Keys Preservation Board
- Historical Preservation Society of The Upper Keys
- Key West Art and Historical Society
- Monroe County Genealogical Society, 21 Ventana Lane, Big Coppitt Key, FL 33040
- Monroe County, Florida Message Boards
- Monroe County, Florida Genealogy Forum
- Monroe County, Florida Mailing lists
Monroe County, Florida External Links
- Historical Newspapers from Florida (1823 - 1959)
- Monroe Co. FLGenweb
- Monroe County, Florida Ancestry Database Collections
- Florida, Key West Passenger Lists, 1898-1920 (familysearch.org)
- Monroe Co. D.O.T. Road and Highway Maps   
- Monroe County maps from Exploring Florida website
- Monroe County, Florida Military Records