New London County, Connecticut Genealogy Guide
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New London County, Connecticut (Map It) was created on May 10, 1666 and was formed as One of four original counties created in Connecticut.
New London County is bordered by Windham County, Connecticut (north), Kent County, Rhode Island (northeast), Washington County, Rhode Island (east), Middlesex County, Connecticut (west), Tolland County, Connecticut (northwest), Hartford County, Connecticut (northwest).
New London County Cities and Towns include Bozrah, Colchester, East Lyme, Franklin, Griswold, Groton, Lebanon, Ledyard, Lisbon, Lyme, Montville, Mystic, New London (consolidated city-town), North Stonington, Norwich (consolidated city-town), Old Lyme, Preston, Salem, Sprague, Stonington, Voluntown and Waterford. A Map of Connecticut Towns by County contains detailed information about county and town boundaries.
New London County, Connecticut Courthouse Records
The New London County Courthouse was located in New London, Connecticut (1666-1960). Counties were abolished officially in 1959 though their purpose had been chiefly to define county court districts. For genealogical research purposes, counties become necessary when using the federal census returns, since they are all cataloged by county. Learn More About State of Connecticut Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each town clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Town Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
All deeds, vital records, and probate records for all Connecticut towns are available to 1900 on microfilm at the Connecticut State Library or through the FHL. See also Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment
Taxes were levied for personal property and land through most of Connecticut's history. The town assessor (or lister) made annual lists or rates of all taxables. This generated a considerable number of tax lists across time, but the Connecticut State Library has a list of various tax records still at the town clerk's offices. The Connecticut Historical Society and the genealogical collections throughout the state have some records.
Those matters not in the realm of the superior court were heard by the county courts (initially called prerogative or common pleas). The county court, begun in 1666, was abolished in 1955, and its functions were divided between justice courts and superior courts. Most of the county records, to its abolition date, are at the Connecticut State Library.
- The Town of Bozrah was formed in 1786 from Norwich
- The Town of Colchester was formed in 1698 from unorganized land
- The Town of East Lyme was formed in 1839 from Lyme/Waterford
- The Town of Franklin was formed in 1786 from Norwich
- The Town of Groton was formed in 1705 from New London
- The Town of Griswold was formed in 1815 from Preston
- The Town of Ledyard was formed in 1836 from Groton
- The Town of Lyme was formed in 1667 from Saybrook
- The Town of Lebanon was formed in 1700 from unorganized land
- The Town of Lisbon was formed in 1786 from Norwich
- The Town of Montville was formed in 1786 from New London
- The Town of New London was formed in 1648 from unorganized land
- The Town of North Stonington was formed in 1807 from Stonington
- The Town of Norwich was formed in 1662 from unorganized land
- The Town of Old Lyme was formed in 1855 (as South Lyme; New London renamed, 1857) from Lyme
- The Town of Preston was formed in 1687 from unorganized land
- The Town of Salem was formed in 1819 from Colchester/Lyme/Montville
- The Town of Sprague was formed in 1861 from Lisbon/Franklin
- The Town of Stonington was formed in 1662 from unorganized land. Was originally part of Rhode Island from 1649 and was called Mistic.
- The Town of Voluntown was formed in 1721 from unorganized land
- The Town of Waterford was formed in 1801 from New London
New London County, Connecticut Census Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- State Population Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
New London County, Connecticut Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Vital Records
- State Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: from July 1, 1897, For vital records prior to July 1, 1897, contact the town where the vital event occurred.
- Town Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: Vital Records offices are located in each of the 169 towns in Connecticut, see the Connecticut Town Vital Records Directory for the address and telephone contact information for the vital records office in each town.
- Locations: Connecticut State Vital Records Office, Town Vital Records Directory
- Vital Records Online: USAVital or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: You can download an application online for Connecticut Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application or Town or City Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications
New London County, Connecticut Resources
- RAOGK Volunteers for Connecticut
- New London County Historicall Society
- Noank Historicall Society
- North Stonington Historicall Society
- Norwich Historicall Society
- Old Lyme Historicall Society
- Preston Historicall Society
- Sprague Historicall Society
- Stonington Historicall Society
- New London County, Connecticut Genealogy Forum
New London County, Connecticut External Links
- New London County, Connecticut Books - Amazon
- New London Co., Connecticut - FindaGrave
- New London County, Connecticut Links - Cyndi's List
- New London Co. CTGenweb
- New London County, Connecticut Ancestry Database Collections
- New London County, Connecticut Military Records
- Historical Newspapers from Connecticut (1755–1972)
- Extracts from the records of Colchester
- New London County, Connecticut, Cemetery Records, Volume I and II
- Memoranda of all the inscriptions in the old burying ground at Colchester, Conn.
- A Modern history of New London County, Connecticut
- History of Montville, Connecticut 1640 to 1896
- History of Norwich, Connecticut : from its possession by the Indians to the year 1866
- Old houses of the antient [sic] town of Norwich, 1660-1800 : with maps, illustrations, portraits, and genealogies
- History of New London, Connecticut : from the first survey of the coast in 1612 to 1852
- The battle of Groton Heights
- Norwich, Connecticut Directories, 1887-91
- New London, Connecticut Directories, 1888, 1890-92