Tolland County, Connecticut Genealogy Guide
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Tolland County is bordered by Hartford County, Connecticut (west), New London County, Connecticut (south), Windham County, Connecticut (east), Hampden County, Massachusetts (northwest), Worcester County, Massachusetts (northeast).
Tolland County Cities and Towns include Andover, Bolton, Columbia, Coventry, Ellington, Hebron, Mansfield, Somers, Stafford, Tolland, Union, Vernon and Willington. A Map of Connecticut Towns by County contains detailed information about county and town boundaries.
Tolland County, Connecticut Courthouse Records
The Tolland County Courthouse was located in Tolland, Connecticut (1785-1889) and >Rockville, Connecticut (1889-1960). Counties were abolished officially in 1959 though their purpose had been chiefly to define county court districts. For genealogical research purposes, counties become necessary when using the federal census returns, since they are all cataloged by county. Learn More About State of Connecticut Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each town clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Town Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
All deeds, vital records, and probate records for all Connecticut towns are available to 1900 on microfilm at the Connecticut State Library or through the FHL. See also Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment
Taxes were levied for personal property and land through most of Connecticut's history. The town assessor (or lister) made annual lists or rates of all taxables. This generated a considerable number of tax lists across time, but the Connecticut State Library has a list of various tax records still at the town clerk's offices. The Connecticut Historical Society and the genealogical collections throughout the state have some records.
Those matters not in the realm of the superior court were heard by the county courts (initially called prerogative or common pleas). The county court, begun in 1666, was abolished in 1955, and its functions were divided between justice courts and superior courts. Most of the county records, to its abolition date, are at the Connecticut State Library.
- The Town of Andover was formed in 1848 from Coventry/Hebron
- The Town of Bolton was formed in 1720 from unorganized land
- The Town of Columbia was formed in 1804 from Lebanon
- The Town of Coventry was formed in 1712 from unorganized land
- The Town of Ellington was formed in 1786 from East Windsor
- The Town of Hebron was formed in 1708 from unorganized land
- The Town of Mansfield was formed in 1702 from Windham
- The Town of Somers was formed in 1734 from Enfield (part of Massachusetts until 1749)
- The Town of Stafford was formed in 1719 from unorganized land
- The Town of Tolland was formed in 1715 from unorganized land
- The Town of Union was formed in 1734 from unorganized land
- The Town of Vernon was formed in 1808 from Bolton
- The Town of Willington was formed in 1727 from unorganized land
Tolland County, Connecticut Census Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- State Population Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Tolland County, Connecticut Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Vital Records
- State Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: from July 1, 1897, For vital records prior to July 1, 1897, contact the town where the vital event occurred.
- Town Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: Vital Records offices are located in each of the 169 towns in Connecticut, see the Connecticut Town Vital Records Directory for the address and telephone contact information for the vital records office in each town.
- Locations: Connecticut State Vital Records Office, Town Vital Records Directory
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: You can download an application online for Connecticut Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application or Town or City Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications
Tolland County, Connecticut Resources
Tolland County, Connecticut External Links
- Tolland County, Connecticut Ancestry Database Collections
- Tolland County, Connecticut Military Records
- Historical Newspapers from Connecticut (1755–1972)
- Rockville, Connecticut Directories, 1889-92
- Biographical Record of Tolland and Windham Counties, Connecticut
- The history of Union, Conn.
- The early history of Tolland : an address