Middlesex County, Connecticut Genealogy Guide
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Middlesex County Cities and Towns include Chester, Clinton, Cromwell, Deep River, Durham, East Haddam, East Hampton, Essex, Haddam, Killingworth, Middlefield, Middletown (consolidated city-town), Old Saybrook, Portland and Westbrook A Map of Connecticut Towns by County contains detailed information about county and town boundaries.
Middlesex County, Connecticut Courthouse Records
The Middlesex County Courthouse was located in Middletown, Connecticut (1785-1960). Counties were abolished officially in 1959 though their purpose had been chiefly to define county court districts. For genealogical research purposes, counties become necessary when using the federal census returns, since they are all cataloged by county. Learn More About State of Connecticut Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each town clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Town Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
All deeds, vital records, and probate records for all Connecticut towns are available to 1900 on microfilm at the Connecticut State Library or through the FHL. See also Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment
Taxes were levied for personal property and land through most of Connecticut's history. The town assessor (or lister) made annual lists or rates of all taxables. This generated a considerable number of tax lists across time, but the Connecticut State Library has a list of various tax records still at the town clerk's offices. The Connecticut Historical Society and the genealogical collections throughout the state have some records.
Those matters not in the realm of the superior court were heard by the county courts (initially called prerogative or common pleas). The county court, begun in 1666, was abolished in 1955, and its functions were divided between justice courts and superior courts. Most of the county records, to its abolition date, are at the Connecticut State Library.
- The Town of Chester was formed in 1836 from Saybrook
- The Town of Clinton was formed in 1838 from Killingworth
- The Town of Cromwell was formed in 1851 from Middletown
- The Town of Deep River was formed in 1635 (as Saybrook;renamed, 1947) from unorganized land
- The Town of Durham was formed in 1708 from unorganized land
- The Town of East Haddam was formed in 1734 from Haddam
- The Town of East Hampton was formed in 1767 (as Chatham; renamed, 1915) from Middletown
- The Town of Essex was formed in 1852 from Saybrook. Name of town was Old Saybrook from 1852—54, when a new town of Old Saybrook was separated from this one. The town created in 1852 changed its name to Essex. The probate district called Old Saybrook was created and the old one changed its name to Essex.
- The Town of Haddam was formed in 1668 from New London
- The Town of Killingworth was formed in 1667 from unorganized land
- The Town of Middlefield was formed in 1866 from Middletown
- The Town of Middletown was formed in 1651 from unorganized land
- The Town of Portland was formed in 1841 from Chatham
- The Town of Old Saybrook was formed in 1854 (see Essex for explanation of the town’s formation) from Old Saybrook (now named Essex)
- The Town of Westbrook was formed in 1840 from Saybrook
Middlesex County, Connecticut Census Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- State Population Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Middlesex County, Connecticut Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Connecticut Vital Records
- State Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: from July 1, 1897, For vital records prior to July 1, 1897, contact the town where the vital event occurred.
- Town Birth, Marriages & Deaths Records: Vital Records offices are located in each of the 169 towns in Connecticut, see the Connecticut Town Vital Records Directory for the address and telephone contact information for the vital records office in each town.
- Locations: Connecticut State Vital Records Office, Town Vital Records Directory
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: You can download an application online for Connecticut Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application or Town or City Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications
Middlesex County, Connecticut Resources
Middlesex County, Connecticut External Links
- Middlesex County, Connecticut Ancestry Database Collections
- Middlesex County, Connecticut Military Records
- Historical Newspapers from Connecticut (1755–1972)
- Town and miscellaneous records of Saybrook, Connecticut
- Saybrook at the mouth of the Connecticut : the first one hundred years
- History of Trinity Church, Portland, Connecticut, 1788-1938
- History of Middlefield and Long Hill
- Middletown, Connecticut Directories, 1882-1891