Polk County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide
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Polk County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on November 30, 1844 and was formed from Sevier County. Parts of Polk County was used to form the following counties: Howard 1873, Sebastian 1851. Other county boundry changes occured when Line with Montgomery changed 7 February 1859, part of Sebastian annexed 1 June 1861, line with Pike defined 7 April 1873. Polk County was named in honor of James Knox Polk (1795–1849), the eleventh president of the United States. Learn More About State of Arkansas History
Polk County is bordered by Scott County (north), Montgomery County (east), Howard County (southeast), Sevier County (south), McCurtain County, Oklahoma (southwest), Le Flore County, Oklahoma (northwest).
Polk County Cities and Towns include Cove, Grannis, Hatfield, Mena, Vandervoort, Wickes.
A Map of Polk County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Polk County, Arkansas Courthouse Records
Polk County, AR Courthouse
The Polk County Courthouse is located in Mena, Arkansas. All records prior to 1883 destroyed in a courthouse fire except one probate record dating from Sept. 1876, one county court record dating from July 1876, and one circuit court record dating from Feb. 1877. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Polk county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Polk County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1900, Land Records from 1885 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
- Polk County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1881 and has Probate Records from 1885. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
- Polk County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
- Polk County Health Department
Polk County, Arkansas Census Records
- Learn More: State of Arkansas Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1819-1870
- State Population Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: 1850 and 1860
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Polk County, Arkansas Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Arkansas Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from February 1, 1914 to present.
- Marriage Records: from January 1917 to present.
- Divorce Records: from January 1923 to present. Full certified copy may be obtained from the County Circuit or Chancery Clerk.
- Locations: Arkansas Office of Vital Records, 4815 W. Markham Street, Slot 44, Little Rock, AR 72205; (602) 364-1300, 501-661-2336, 800-637-9314
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications.