Garland County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide

Garland County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on April 5, 1873 and was formed from Montgomery County, Hot Spring County and Saline County. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundary with Montgomery changed 23 February 1917. Garland County was named in honor of Augustus Hill Garland (1832–1899), U.S. Senator and 11th Governor of Arkansas. Learn More About State of Arkansas History

Garland County is bordered by Perry County (north), Saline County (east), Hot Spring County (south), Montgomery County (west), Yell County (northwest).

Garland County Cities and Towns include Hot Springs, Mountain Pine, Fountain Lake, Lonsdale, Hot Springs Village, Lake Hamilton, Piney, Rockwell, Royal.

A Map of Garland County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Garland County, Arkansas Courthouse Records

Garland County, Arkansas Courthouse
Garland County, AR Courthouse

The Garland County Courthouse is located in Hot Springs, Arkansas. The records "were complete until Feb. 25, 1905, when fire and heat charred, damaged, or destroyed everything except tax books of 1904 then in the hands of the collector. The deed and mortgage records, except two, have been recopied or reproduced as they were left after the fire, edges being badly burned and only portions legible. As records will have considerable value, these consist of books designated by alphabet (26) and about 39 by number, 1 to 39. Circuit court records were totally destroyed, 10 books; chancery records practically destroyed, book I has been recopied, 8 (A to H) being burned. Probate records all except last one destroyed; so also the county court records, the marriage license records were partially destroyed, one will record burned, one partially restored, mechanic's lien judgement record destroyed, probate docket partially restored, pending cases in chancery court partially saved, all law and probate papers destroyed. The county never had vaults. New courthouse just completed... has complete set of vaults." Garland County apparently had another serious fire in 1913. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Garland county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Garland County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1873, Land Records from 1874 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
  • Garland County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1873 and has Probate Records from 1877. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
  • Garland County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
  • Garland County Health Department

Garland County, Arkansas Census Records

  • Learn More: State of Arkansas Census Records
  • U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
  • U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: None
  • State Population Schedules: None
  • U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: None
  • U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1880
  • Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1880
  • Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1880
  • Union Veterans Schedules: 1890

Garland County, Arkansas Vital Records

Garland County, Arkansas Resources

Garland County, Arkansas External Links