Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide

Desha County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on December 12, 1838 and was formed from Arkansas County. Parts of Desha County was used to form the following counties: Lincoln 1871. Other county boundry changes occured when Part annexed to Drew 21 January 1861, part of Chicot attached 10 February 1879, part of Lincoln attached 10 March 1879, line with Lincoln changed 27 March 1925. Desha County was named in honor of Benjamin Desha, a soldier in the War of 1812. Learn More About State of Arkansas History

Desha County is bordered by Arkansas County (north), Phillips County (northeast), Bolivar County, Mississippi (east), Chicot County (south), Drew County (southwest), Lincoln County (northwest).

Desha County Cities and Towns include Arkansas City, Dumas, McGehee, Mitchellville, Napoleon (historic), Reed, Tillar, Watson.

A Map of Desha County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Desha County, Arkansas Courthouse Records

Desha County, Arkansas Courthouse
Desha County, AR Courthouse

The Desha County Courthouse is located in Arkansas City, Arkansas. Information from the Arkansas History Commission indicates record loss from a courthouse fire in the 1860s. During the Civil War, the Desha County records were sent from Napoleon to Texas for safekeeping and never returned. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Desha county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Desha County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1840, Land Records from 1839 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
  • Desha County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1852 and has Probate Records from 1852. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
  • Desha County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
  • Desha County Health Department

Desha County, Arkansas Census Records

Desha County, Arkansas Vital Records

Desha County, Arkansas Resources

Desha County, Arkansas External Links