Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide

Clay County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on March 24, 1873 and was formed from Randolph County and Greene County. Other county boundry changes occured when Line with Greene changed 5 March 1885. Clay County was named in honor of John Clayton, a State Senator; later shortened to Clay to avoid misassociation with Powell Clayton. Learn More About State of Arkansas History

Clay County is bordered by Butler County, Missouri (north), Dunklin County, Missouri (east), Greene County (south), Randolph County (west), Ripley County, Missouri (northwest).

Clay County Cities and Towns include Corning, Datto, Greenway, Knobel, McDougal, Nimmons, Peach Orchard, Piggott, Pollard, Rector, St. Francis, Scatterville, Success.

A Map of Clay County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Clay County, Arkansas Courthouse Records

Clay County, Arkansas Courthouse in Corning
Clay County, AR Courthouse
in Corning

Clay County, Arkansas Courthouse in Piggott
Clay County, AR Courthouse
in Piggott

The Clay County Courthouse is located in Corning, Arkansas for the Western District and Piggott, Arkansas for the Eastern District. The will and deed records begin in April, 1881, and are complete to date except deed record E from March 1, 1891, to January 31, 1892. This record was burned. The following records are missing: Book E named above, the entire records of Clayton County, and the records of Clay County from December 1875, to February 29 [sic], 1893. The latter records were burned at Piggott when the courthouse was destroyed by fire. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Clay county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Clay County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1881, Land Records from 1881 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
  • Clay County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1881 and has Probate Records from 1881. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
  • Clay County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
  • Clay County Health Department

Clay County, Arkansas Census Records

  • Learn More: State of Arkansas Census Records
  • U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
  • U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: None
  • State Population Schedules: None
  • U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: None
  • U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1880
  • Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1880
  • Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1880
  • Union Veterans Schedules: 1890

Clay County, Arkansas Vital Records

Clay County, Arkansas Resources

Clay County, Arkansas External Links