Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy Guide
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Escambia County, Alabama (Map It) was created on December 10, 1868 from parts of Baldwin County and Connech County. Escambia county was named for the word "Escambia" is believed to come from the Choctaw Indian language, meaning "cane-brake" or "reed-brake." Learn More About State of Alabama History
Escambia County is bordered by Conecuh County (north), Covington County (east), Okaloosa County, Florida (southeast), Santa Rosa County, Florida (south), Escambia County, Florida (southwest), Baldwin County (west), Monroe County (northwest).
Escambia County Cities and Towns include Atmore, Brewton, East Brewton, Flomaton, Foshee, Pollard, Riverview.
A Map of Escambia County, Alabama contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.
Escambia County, Alabama Courthouse Records
Escambia County, AL Courthouse
Old Escambia County Courthouse
The Escambia County Courthouse is located in Brewton, Alabama. The county seat was originally located at Pollard; in 1880 it was transferred to Brewton, which was named in honor of William Troupe Brewton, a great-nephew of the first settler of the area. There was record loss due to a courthouse fire in 1868. Learn More About State of Alabama Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.
Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes. The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH. The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Escambia county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.
- Escambia County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1882 and has Divorce Records maintained among the equity records. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
- Escambia County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1879, Probate Records from 1868 and Land Records from 1868. The County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies. The office of the probate judge is the county office where the most significant genealogical records are created and maintained in Alabama. A variety of records are housed in this office.
- Escambia Tax Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
- Escambia County Health Department has Birth Records from 1909 , Death records from 1909 .
Escambia County, Alabama Census Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Census Records
- U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragmented), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940
- U.S. Census Reconstructed Records: None
- State Population Schedules: 1820-1866, 1867
- U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedules: None
- U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules: 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Agriculture Schedules: 1870 and 1880
- Selected U.S. Federal Census Industry Schedules: 1870 and 1880
- Union Veterans Schedules: 1890
Escambia County, Alabama Vital Records
- Learn More: State of Alabama Vital Records
- Birth and Death Records: from January 1908 to present.
- Marriage Records: from August 1936 to present.
- Divorce Records: from January 1950 to present.
- Locations: Alabama Office of Vital Statistics, The RSA Tower, 201 Monroe Street, Montgomery, Alabama 36104.
- Vital Records Online: USAVital, VitalChek or Social Security Death Index
- Vital Records by Mail: Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificate Applications.