Statewide Census Records that exist for Tennessee are 1800 (part), 1820 (part), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890(fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940. There are Industry and Agriculture Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. The Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Tennessee Territory censuses were recorded in 1823, 1825, and 1827, only the 1823.
In 1795 a territorial census was taken. The results of that census showed that residency in the area had doubled in 4 years time and that the requirements for statehood had been met. Early settler petitions can fill in some missing census information. Several societies and journals have published those petitions. Early tax lists from the state can also fill in missing data.
There are federal census records from 1820 available for 26 of the counties in Tennessee. Those counties are: Bedford, Davidson, Dickson, Franklin, Giles, Hardin, Hickman, Humphreys, Jackson, Lawrence, Lincoln, Maury, Montgomery, Overton, Perry, Robertson, Rutherford, Shelby, Smith, Stewart, Sumner, Warren, Wayne, White, Wilson, and Williamson. A complete list of Tennessee households does not exist, except for Grainger, for any years prior to 1830.
All Tennessee census records are on microfilm at the Tennessee State Library and Archives. AISI indexes and other indexes also exist online. There are also published indexes for certain counties available from 1870, 1880 and 1900, as well as 1910. Several mortality schedules have also been published. Although, those from 1870 no longer exist.
Some genealogical data may be found in Tennessee’s public school records, which were also known as common schools. All eight school districts for Meigs County are included in its 1838 Scholastic Population record, for example. The head of household and the number of children from 6 to 16 is listed for each family in that record.
Some counties and cities also took their own census records. For example, in 1869 the 3rd Ward of Memphis was enumerated. There is also an 1857 Tennessee Agricultural Census available. Both can be found on microfilm at the FHL and the Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA).
Only the Union Veterans and Widows listing from the 1890 federal census for Tennessee has survived. It was actually taken in 1891. It shows all men ages 21 and up at that time. The TSLA has those records on microfilm.
Searchable Tennessee Census Databases and other Helpful Links
- Rootsweb Tennessee Census Look Ups (rootsweb.ancestry.com)
- Tennessee Census Project (usgenweb.org)
- Tennessee Census QuickFacts (census.gov)
- Links to Online Tennessee Census Records (census-online.com)
- Tennessee Census Extraction Forms (ancestry.com)
- U.S. Federal Census Guides
- United States Federal Census for Tennessee (search.ancestry.com)
- Tennessee Census, 1810-91 (search.ancestry.com)
- Index to the 1820 Census of Tennessee (search.ancestry.com)
- 1770-1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements (search.ancestry.com)
- Population schedule of the United States census of 1830 for Rhea County, Tennessee (search.ancestry.com)
- Census records and Cherokee muster rolls (search.ancestry.com)
- 1860 Tennessee Federal Census (fold3.com) Browse the 1860 US census by state, county, and civil division. This particular census is especially helpful in researching the Civil War era and the soldiers who fought in the imminent conflict.
- 1930 Tennessee Federal Census (fold3.com) The 1930 census schedules are arranged by state or territory and then by county. All 48 states are included, plus the territories of Alaska and Hawaii, as well as the District of Columbia and U.S. possessions like Puerto Rico.
- 1860 Federal Slave Schedule (search.ancestry.com)
- Census 2000 Data for the State of Tennessee (census.gov)
- Overview of the U.S. Census (ancestry.co.uk) from The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy.
- TN-CENSUS. A mailing list for the volunteers who are engaged in transcribing Tennessee census records in support of the USGenWeb Census Project to discuss the status of the project. Information on available records and volunteers can be found on the Census Project’s Tennessee web site. If you are one of these volunteers or desire to participate in the project, send a message to Edward A. Black Sr. at firstname.lastname@example.org stating your current or desired role in the project and requesting that you be added to the list.
- TN-CENSUS-LOOKUP. A mailing list for anyone desiring a check of Tennessee census records for their ancestors. Requests should be as specific as possible and include county name, specific family of interest, and year whenever possible. In addition, those who own or have access to census records and are willing to do lookups are asked to subscribe and assist in responding to queries. To subscribe send “subscribe” to email@example.com (mail mode) or firstname.lastname@example.org (digest mode).
- Tennessee Census Books (amazon.com)