Statewide Census Records that exist for North Carolina are 1790 (incomplete), 1800 – 1810 (incomplete), 1820 (incomplete), 1830184018501860187018801890 (fragment, see below), 1900191019201930 and 1940. There are Industryand Agriculture Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. The Mortality Schedulesfor the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880.In 1790 the first federal census took place. Those records for North Carolina have survived, except for the records from Granville, Orange, and Caswell counties. Similarly, the records from the 1810 federal census for North Carolina have survived, except for a handful of counties. Those counties are New Hanover, Greene, Craven, and Wake. As for the 1820 North Carolina federal census records, those for the counties of Wake, Martin, Franklin, Randolph, Montgomery, and Currituck are missing.

Population schedules for North Carolina in 1890 that have survived are those for the townships of River Bend and South Point, each located in Gaston County, as well as the records for Cleveland County’s Township No. 2. North Carolina original census records or microfilmed copies can be found at the North Carolina State Archives.

There were no North Carolina colonial censuses taken. However, there are tax records from that time period, which contain quite a bit of useful census-like information. In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered that a census of North Carolina be taken. However, the only surviving records are those from Pitt County.

Census records generally list people according race, gender, and age. Some counties did not respond to the 1775 census requirement until as late as 1786. Some records seem to indicate that there was another census taken in 1787. Therefore, what is known as the 1784 to 1787 state census may actually be records from two separate censuses.

Missing Censuses

Searchable North Carolina Census Databases and other Helpful Links