Maryland Census Records

Maryland Home
U.S. Census Records
State Census Records

Statewide Maryland Census records that exist are 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

There are Industry and Agriculture Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880.

Maryland Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880.

Maryland Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860.

Maryland Union Veterans Schedules exist for 1890.

The Maryland State Law Library, the Maryland State Archives, and other repositories have microfilmed copies of federal census records and their indexes on file, along with mortality schedule indexes. However, many census schedules are missing. They include the following records:
Maryland Census Records

The Maryland State Archives has non-population census records on file, along with the population schedules for 1880.

Maryland State and Colonial Census

Colonial Census: In 1776, a population census was taken in Maryland. The Maryland State Archives has an index of that census. However, some records from certain counties are missing. Another census was taken two years later to see which males over the age of 18 had signed the Oath of Fidelity. However, certain counties listed those who did not sign it, while other counties listed those who did. The Baltimore City Archives holds a city police census, which was taken in 1868. Tax records, which can be found in multiple repositories across the state, may also serve as substitutes for census records.

Searchable Maryland Census Databases and other Helpful Links

Further Reading

  • Maryland Records: Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church From Original Sources, 2 vols. (1915–28; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985).
  • 1776 Census of Maryland, and 1778 Census of Maryland (Lutherville, Md.: n.p., 1972).
  • 1778 Oaths of Fidelity (
    indexed at the Maryland State Archives);
  • Maryland Rent Rolls: Baltimore and Anne Arundel Counties, 1700–1707, 1705–1724, from the Maryland Historical Magazine (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1976)

State Census Records Guides