The purpose of founding Georgia was to block the French and Spanish from the lands beyond North and South Carolina. Residents were often called to serve in the military for that purpose, but most of the records from that time period no longer exist, and those that do may not contain much useful genealogical information.
Less than 20,000 people lived in Georgia when the Revolutionary War began, in 1776. About 3,500 of them were men who were eligible to fight during the war.
Several soldiers who came from Georgia actually went into service for Virginia, North Carolina, or South Carolina. Some fought for the king, while others tried to stay neutral. Some of those records no longer exist, so there is no comprehensive guide to Georgia veterans from that war.
Georgia citizens who served in other states during the war or served in Georgia were granted bounty-land warrants. In 1781 and 1782, civilians were also issued bounty-land warrants. When the war ended Continental Line soldiers and others applied to get their warrants approved. They were given certificates, which had to be exchanged for their warrants. The Georgia Archives holds those records.
Many Georgia residents served in various conflicts, including the Mexican War (1845 to 1848) and the Indian Wars (1784 to 1811 and 1815 to 1838). Those pension files, which number in the tens of thousands, can all be found at the National Archives.
War of 1812 service records contain a lot of useful information. Records can be found at the National Archives and they list around one-fifth of military-aged makes in Georgia at the time of the war.
Confederate veteran pension records are held at the Georgia Archives, but copies can also be found at the FHL. Researchers should note that some Georgia residents served on the Union side. Many of them did so in units out of Tennessee.
Many Civil War records are held at the Georgia Archives, including salt lists, veterans censuses, and militia rolls. The Georgia Archives also holds a very useful “Alphabetical Index to Georgia Confederate Records.” It has been microfilmed.
Both microfilmed and original records from some later military actions can be found at the Georgia Archives as well. That includes rosters from the Philippine Insurrection, Poncho Villa Campaign, Spanish American War, and others.
Many service records that were recorded on the county level for various wars can be found at the Georgia Archives. Those include records from: World War I, World War II, The Korean War, The Vietnam War
World War I draft registration cards can be found at the National Archives Southeast Branch.
- Georgia Military Records (Fold3.com)
- Georgia Military Record Books (amazon.com)
- Georgia, World War II Draft Registration Cards,1940-1942 (familysearch.org)
- Lamar Q. Ball Photograph Collection: World War II in Georgia (sos.state.ga.us)
- Spanish-American War Service Summary Cards (sos.state.ga.us)
Georgia in the Colonial War
Colonial War Website Links
- Georgia Colonial War Books (amazon.com)
Revolutionary War Website Links
- Research in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 (uswars.net)
- Organized military Georgia units in the Revolutionary War (uswars.net)
- Revolutionary War links from fold3.com with original data from the National Archives:
- Revolutionary War links from http://search.ancestry.com:
- Roster of Revoloutionary Soldiers in Georgia Vol. III
- Roster of Revoloutionary Soldiers in Georgia Vol. I
- Roster of Revoloutionary Soldiers in Georgia Vol. II
- Historical collections of the Georgia chapters, Daughters of the American Revolution
- Loyalists and Their Times, Vol. 2
- Index to volume I, Historical collections of the Georgia chapters, Daughters of the American Revolution
- Georgia Revolutionary War Books (amazon.com)
Georgia in the War of 1812
War of 1812 Website Links
- Research in the War of 1812 1812-1815 (uswars.net)
- Georgia Pension Files
- Georgia War of 1812 Books (amazon.com)
Georgia in the Civil War
Some military records for Georgia after the Civil War are in the Georgia Department of Archives and History as original records or as microfilm copies.
Civil War Website Links
- Research in the Civil War 1861-1865
- Civil War links from fold3.com with original data from the National Archives:
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Georgia
- Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of Georgia.
- Civil War and Later Veterans Pension Index from Georgia
- Georgia Confederate Amnesty Papers
- Georgia Civil War “Widows’ Pensions”
- Barred and Disallowed Georgia Claims
- Georgia Approved Georgia Claims
- Georgia Civil War Maps
- Georgia Civil War Infantry Regiments and Units
- Georgia Civil War Cavalry Regiments and Units
- Georgia Civil War Artillery Regiments and Units
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 (familysearch.org)
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 (familysearch.org)
- Civil War links from ancestry.com:
- U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865
- Georgia, Confederate Pension Applications, 1879-1960
- Georgia, Civil War Muster Rolls, 1860-1864
- Georgia, Civil War Correspondence, 1861-1865
- List of staff officers of the Confederate States Army
- Pardons by the President : final report of the names of persons who lived in Alabama, Virginia, West Virginia, or Georgia, were
- Civil War links from sos.state.ga.us:
- Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails (civilwarheritagetrails.org)
- Georgia Civil War Books (amazon.com)