Nebraska Court records include a wide variety of genealogy topics that can guide you with your research, such as land ownership, courts, taxes, and naturalizations. Given that Nebraska court records cover a wide range of topics, they can help you in many different ways. For instance, they could allow you to identify ancestors’ residences, identify occupations, locate financial information, confirm citizenship status, or clarify relationships between people. It all will depend on on what kind of court records that your ancestors” names can be found in. For Definitions of all court terms see the Genealogy Encyclopedia.
Nebraska County records differ widely from county to county in either quality as well as quantity. Some are already very carefully preserved while some have been significantly abused and overlooked. Some Nebraska records have merely disappeared. For genealogists carrying out research in Nebraska there is no effective replace to have an on-site research of county court house records.
Nebraska is divided into 93 counties. Nebraska County records change extensively from county to county in both quality and quantity. You will find several forms of court records that are in all likelihood to possess information essential in your genealogical research. Nebraska State Government is located in Lincoln.
The Genealogical Society of Utah and the Nebraska State Historical Society have a partnership, which they use to microfilm Nebraska county records. The microfilming of county marriage records have been completed. Deed records and naturalization records are now being microfilmed as well. The FHL and the Nebraska State Historical Society have the completed microfilms on file. Research Guides for Genealogical Data for most of the counties in the state have also been published by the Nebraska State Genealogical Society. New guides are expected to be published on an ongoing basis.
The website for the state of Nebraska has links to each county’s governmental offices. The county clerk’s office holds many genealogically useful records, including delayed birth registrations, county commissioners’ minutes, and notary records. Researchers may also find other records in those offices, including school registers, physician’s registers, marks and brands, voter registrations, military discharge papers, estray notices, and ranch and farm names. The Nebraska State Historical Society also has a few county commissioners’ minutes on file. The county clerk’s office holds marriage records, while the register of deeds holds deeds and land records. The county court clerk’s office holds probate records, as well as civil court records.
The links in the table below link to county and city government offices and is limited to government-maintained websites. If you know of a Nebraska county that has an official government web site but is not linked, or if the link is in error, please contact us so we may edit our database.
|County||Date Formed||Parent County||County Seat|
|Adams||February 16, 1867||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Hastings|
|Antelope||March 01, 1871||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Neligh|
|Arthur||March 31, 1887 (1913)||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Arthur|
|Banner||1888||Formed from Cheyenne County||Harrisburg|
|Blaine||March 05, 1885||Unorganized land||Brewster|
|Boone||March 01, 1871||Unorganized land||Albion|
|Box Butte||March 23, 1887||Formed from Dawes County||Alliance|
|Boyd||March 20, 1891||Holt County, and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory (Indian Territory)||Butte|
|Brown||February 19, 1883||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Ainsworth|
|Buffalo||March 14, 1855||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Kearney|
|Burt||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Tekamah|
|Butler||January 26, 1856||Formed from Greene County||David City|
|Cass||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Plattsmouth|
|Cedar||February 12, 1857||Formed from Dixon County and Pierce County||Hartington|
|Chase||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Imperial|
|Cherry||February 23, 1883||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Valentine|
|Cheyenne||June 22, 1867||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Sidney|
|Clay||March 07, 1855||Formed from Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Clay Center|
|Colfax||February 15, 1869||Formed from Platte County||Schuyler|
|Cuming||March 16, 1855||Formed from Burt County||West Point|
|Custer||February 17, 1877||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Broken Bow|
|Dakota||March 07, 1855||Formed from Burt County||Dakota City|
|Dawes||February 19, 1885||Formed from Sioux County||Chadron|
|Dawson||January 11, 1860||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Lexington|
|Deuel||November 06, 1888||Formed from Cheyenne County||Chappell|
|Dixon||January 26, 1856||Formed from Blackbird County, Izard County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Ponca|
|Dodge||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Fremont|
|Douglas||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Omaha|
|Dundy||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Benkelman|
|Fillmore||January 26, 1856 (1871)||Formed from Jackson County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Geneva|
|Franklin||February 16, 1867||Formed from Kearney County||Franklin|
|Frontier||January 17, 1872||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Stockville|
|Furnas||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Beaver City|
|Gage||March 16, 1855||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Beatrice|
|Garden||November 02, 1909||Formed from Deuel County||Oshkosh|
|Garfield||November 08, 1884||Formed from Wheeler County||Burwell|
|Gosper||November 26, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Elwood|
|Grant||March 31, 1887||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Hyannis|
|Greeley||March 01, 1871||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Greeley|
|Hall||November 04, 1858||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Grand Island|
|Hamilton||February 16, 1867||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Aurora|
|Harlan||March 01, 1871||Formed from Kearney County||Alma|
|Hayes||February 19, 1877||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Hayes Center|
|Hitchcock||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Trenton|
|Holt||January 13, 1860; renamed January 09, 1862||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory (Formerly- West County)||O’Neill|
|Hooker||March 29, 1889||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Mullen|
|Howard||March 1, 1871||Formed from Hall County||Saint Paul|
|Jefferson||March 02, 1855||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Fairbury|
|Johnson||March 06, 1855||Formed from Nemaha County and Otoe County||Tecumseh|
|Kearney||January 10, 1860||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Minden|
|Keith||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Ogallala|
|Keya Paha||November 04, 1884||Formed from Brown County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory (Indian Territory)||Springview|
|Kimball||November 06, 1888||Formed from Cheyenne County||Kimball|
|Knox||February 10, 1857; renamed February 18, 1867; renamed February 21, 1873||Formed from Pierce County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory (Formal names-L’Eau Qui Court (1857-1867) and Emmet (1867-1873))||Center|
|Lancaster||March 06, 1855||Formed from Cass County and Pierce County||Lincoln|
|Lincoln||January 7, 1860; renamed December 11, 1861||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory (Formerly Shorter County)||North Platte|
|Logan||February 24, 1885||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Stapleton|
|Loup||March 06, 1855||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Taylor|
|Madison||January 26, 1856||Formed from Loup County and McNeale County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Madison|
|McPherson||March 31, 1887||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Tryon|
|Merrick||November 04, 1858||Formed from Polk County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Central City|
|Morrill||November 03, 1908||Formed from Cheyenne County||Bridgeport|
|Nance||February 13, 1879||Formed from Pawnee Reservation||Fullerton|
|Nemaha||November 23, 1854; renamed January 26, 1856||One of Nine original counties (Formerly Forney)||Auburn|
|Nuckolls||January 13, 1860||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Nelson|
|Otoe||November 23, 1854||One of nine Original Counties (Formerly Pierce)||Nebraska City|
|Pawnee||March 06, 1855||Formed from Richardson County||Pawnee City|
|Perkins||November 08, 1887||Formed from Kieth County||Grant|
|Phelps||February 11, 1873||Formed from Kearney County||Holdrege|
|Pierce||January 26, 1856||Formed from Izard County, McNeale County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Pierce|
|Platte||January 26, 1856||Formed from Greene County and Loup County||Columbus|
|Polk||January 26, 1856||Formed from York County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Osceola|
|Red Willow||February 27, 1873||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||McCook|
|Richardson||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Falls City|
|Rock||May 23, 1857||Formed from Brown County||Bassett|
|Saline||March 06, 1855||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Wilber|
|Sarpy||February 07, 1857||Formed from Cass County and Douglas County||Papillion|
|Saunders||January 26, 1865||Formed from Douglas County and Lancaster County (Formerly Calhoun County (1856-1865))||Wahoo|
|Scotts Bluff||November 06, 1881||Formed from Cheyenne County||Gering|
|Seward||March 6, 1855; renamed January 03, 1862||Formed from Cass County and Pierce County (Formerly- Greene County)||Seward|
|Sheridan||July 01, 1885||Formed from Sioux County||Rushville|
|Sherman||March 01, 1871||Formed from Buffalo County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Loup City|
|Sioux||February 19, 1877||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Harrison|
|Stanton||March 06, 1855; renamed 1862||Formed from Burt County (Formerly Izard County)||Stanton|
|Thayer||January 26, 1856||Formed from Jefferson County||Hebron|
|Thomas||March 31, 1887||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Thedford|
|Thurston||March 28, 1889||Formed form Blackbird County and Omaha Reservation||Pender|
|Valley||March 01, 1871||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Ord|
|Washington||November 23, 1854||One of Nine Original Counties||Blair|
|Wayne||March 04, 1871||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Wayne|
|Webster||February 16, 1867||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Red Cloud|
|Wheeler||February 17, 1877||Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||Bartlett|
|York||March 13, 1855||Formed from Cass County, Pierce County and Unorganized area of the Nebraska Territory||York|
Interactive Map of Nebraska Counties Formation
Nebraska Extinct Counties
Nebraska contains counties that no longer exist. They were established by the state, provincial, or territorial governing administration. A lot of these counties were established and disbanded during the 19th century; county boundaries have changed very little since Nineteen hundred in the great number of states. These counties needs to be investigated when doing genealogy and family tree research. Pay close attention where the courthouse records went to if the county was eliminated or consolidated with another county.
- Blackbird County was created on March 16, 1855 from Nebraska Territory. It was abolished in 1889, area formed as Thurston in 1889.
- Calhoun County was created on March 14, 1856 from Lancaster County. It was renamed to Saunders County in 1862.
- Emmet County was created on 18 Feb 1867renamed from L’Eau Qui Courtrenamed Knox 1873
- Forney County was created on March 23, 1854 from Nebraska Territory. it was renamed to Nemaha County in 1856.
- Jackson County was created March 16, 1855 from Jones county. On January 26, 1856 the County lost all territory to the creation of Filmore County.
- Jones County was created November 23, 1854 from non-county area. On 16 March 16, 1855 the county lost area to creation of Clay County, Jackson County, Johnston County, Saline County, and York County. The County was eliminated on February 18, 1867 and remaining area merged into Jefferson County.
- Greene County was created on 1855 from Cass and Pierce Counties. It was renamed to Seward County in 1862.
- Izard County was created on November 23, 1854 from Nebraska Territory. It was renamed Stanton County in 1862
- L’Eau Qui Court County was created on 10 Feb 1857 from Nebraska Territory and renamed Emmett County in 1867
- McNeale County was created on 1855 from Burt County. It was abolished in 1856 and became part of Madison County
- Old Pierce County was created on November 23, 1854, it was renamed to Otoe County in 1855.
- Shorter County was created on January 7, 1860Nebraska Territoryrenamed Lincoln 1861
- West County was created on 13 Jan 1860Nebraska Territoryrenamed Holt 1862
Nebraska Counties with Burned Courthouses
The harm to Nebraska courthouses significantly has a affect on family historians in each and every way. Not only are these historic buildings torn from our lifetimes, so are the files they kept: marriage, wills, probate, land records, and others. Once destroyed they are destroyed permanently. Despite the fact that they have already been put on mircofilm, computers and film burn too. The most heartbreaking side of this is the reason why nearly all of our courthouses are destroyed from arsonist. Though, not all records were destroyed. A number of Nebraska counties have endured a loss of records due to courthouse fires, floods, and theft.
- Lincoln County Courthouse
- Thomas County Courthouse
- Thayer County Courthouse