Van Buren County, Arkansas Genealogy Guide

Van Buren County, Arkansas (Map It) was created on November 11, 1833 and was formed from Independence County, Clark County and Izard County. Parts of Van Buren County was used to form the following counties: Cleburne 1883, Stone 1873. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundaries defined 14 November 1836, part annexed to Pope County on 12 January 1853, lines with Searcy and Marion defined 20 January 1855, line with Pope County defined 17 February 1859. Van Buren County was named in honor of Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), eighth president of the United States.

The Van Buren County Courthouse is located in Clinton, Arkansas. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records. Learn More About State of Arkansas History

Van Buren County is bordered by Searcy County (north), Stone County (northeast), Cleburne County (east), Faulkner County (southeast), Conway County (southwest), Pope County (west).

Van Buren County Cities and Towns include Clinton, Damascus, Fairfield Bay, Shirley.

A Map of Van Buren County, Arkansas contains detailed information about roads and boundaries, these maps may include rural communities, churches, and cemeteries.

Van Buren County, Arkansas Courthouse Records

Van Buren County, Arkansas Courthouse
Van Buren County, AR Courthouse

The Van Buren County Courthouse is located in Clinton, Arkansas. Nearly all county records were destroyed by fire in 1863. A few of the old books were hidden by the clerk in a cliff and were thus saved. Records are complete since 1863 and are in a fair state of preservation. Learn More About State of Arkansas Court, Tax, Land and Probate Records.

Please contact the each clerk's department to confirm mailing address, hours, fees and other information before visiting or requesting information because contact information sometimes changes.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.

The following dates indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Van Buren county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

  • Van Buren County Clerk of Circuit Court has Court Records from 1859, Land Records from 1855 and Divorce Records are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health. The County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of the county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts. They are also the ex-officio county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within the county.
  • Van Buren County Clerk has Marriage Records from 1859 and has Probate Records from 1859. The County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases.
  • Van Buren County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
  • Van Buren County Health Department

Van Buren County, Arkansas Census Records

Van Buren County, Arkansas Vital Records

Van Buren County, Arkansas Resources

Van Buren County, Arkansas External Links