Alabama Military RecordsAll U.S. conflicts have had participation by Alabama citizens. While both state and federal offices keep various military records, the most complete and easiest to access are found at the National Archives. A list of soldiers who lived and died in Alabama during the revolution is found in the Roster of Revolutionary Soldiers and Patriots Alabama. This compilation cites all sources and includes a short biography of each soldier, including family names such as parents, wife, and children.

Records of military service surnames can be viewed on microfilm at the Alabama Department of Archives. The information on each soldier lists the name, unit, rank, and citation of source material. A majority of these records are unofficial. The files include soldiers from:

  • Revolutionary War veterans residing in Alabama
  • service in the Indian Wars of 1812, 1813, and 1814
  • territorial service in 1818
  • the Indian War of 1836
  • the Mexican War in 1846
  • the Civil War (1861–1865)
  • the Spanish-American War in 1898
  • World War I (1917–18)

Although there is not a complete civil war service record, the Alabama Department of Archives and History’s index to Confederate records is available in several locations. This resource includes censuses of pensions and pensioners taken in 1907, 1921, and 1927. Another rich resource for researching Civil War Records is the Family and Regional History Program at Wallace State College in Hanceville, Alabama.

Alabama’s Civil War pensions were extended to indigent residents who served and to the widows of Confederate soldiers. These records exist in abundance on microfilm thanks to the Genealogical Society of Utah. The FHL offers the records on loan. The applications for these pensions contain details such as name, rank, unit, dates of service, places of enlistment and discharge, if wounded, and qualifications for pension. if you are looking for information on awidow who filed in 1920, you will also find when and where she was born, her father’s name, date, and place of his death, and the date and place of her marriage. The requirements for pension were an annual income of $300 OR less and a real property value of $400 or less.

Alabamians have seen military service in all wars of the United States. Military records are found at both the state and federal levels.